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Medford Historical 

Vol. V., 1902 


Medford, Mass. 

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Moses W. i tS 

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No. I. 



Porter House ...... 

Mrs. Jane Turell. Myra Brayton Morss 

44 Current Events," 1 724-1 734. Helen T. Wild . . 13 

New Members . . . ... . . . 17 

Forgotten Industries and Enterprises. Moses W. 

Mann 18 

Hon. Eleazar Boynton . . . . . . 20 

Mrs. George Luther Stearns . . . . . 21 

Rev. Ebenezer Turell . . . . . .22 

Society Notes . . . . . . . 23 

Errata . . * . . . ... . 24 

No. 2. 

Grace Church .... 
Grace Church, Medford. Benjamin Pratt Hollis. 
Interior Grace Church. (Illustration.) Facing page, 
Rectors, Grace Church. (Illustration.) Facing page, 
Grace Church (Episcopal), 1850. (Illustration.) 

Facing page, 
Mrs. M. T. Haskins 
John Ward Dean . . . 
James W. Tufts . 
Society Notes .... 
Officers, Year Ending March, 1903 



3 2 




No. 3. 


. Frontispiece 

Lawyers of Medford. Herbert A. Weitz ... 49 

The Home of the Historical Society. Editor. . 69 

The Identity of the Cradock House. Venerate the 

Historic ......... 70 

Gifts and Loans to the Society . . . .71 

Historical Gossip . . . . . . . . 71 

Life Members ........ 72 

New Members . . . . . . . . 72 

No. 4. 

Portrait of Daniel Lawrence, Esq^. . . Frontispiece 

The Lawrence Light Guard. Part I. Helen T. Wild. 73 

The Town House 90 

Medford Square, 1835 to x 85o, ..... 91 

New Armory, 1902 94 

Extracts from Diary of Dea. Benj. Willis . . 95 

Program for the Seventh Year, 1902- 1903 . . 96 

Errata 96 

Note 96 

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The Medford Historical Register. 

Vol. V. JANUARY, 1902. No. 1. 


By Myra Brayton Morss. 

[Read before the Medford Historical Society, October 21, 1901.] 

THERE has recently come into the possession of the 
Medford Public Library a small volume printed at 
the " Rose and Crown " near the Mansion House, Lon- 
don, in 1741. The title of this book reads as follows : — 
"A Memoir of. the Life and Death of the Pious and 
Ingenuous Mrs. Jane Turell who died at Medford, March 
26, 1735, aetat. 27." The title-page further states that 
the material was " collected chierly from her own manu- 
scripts, by her Consort, the Rev. Mr. Ebenezer Turell, 
m.a., Pastor of the Church in Medford." 

The volume is very small (price is. 6d.), and the 
memoirs are of a most scanty biographical character, but 
it has seemed, nevertheless, worth while to give place in 
our gallery of historical portraits to the very slight pencil 
sketch that we are able to present of this woman, as 
remarkable in her own time for high mental attainments 
as for great piety, albeit in an age when excessive piety 
was the rule rather than the exception. 

It is not necessary to more than recall the fact that her 
husband, the Rev. Ebenezer Turell, was pastor of the 
Church in Medford from 1724 to 1778, a period of fifty- 
four years, as his history has been sketched in "The 
Early Ministers of Medford" by the Rev. H. C. DeLong. 

The reasons for publishing these memoirs are thus 
variously set forth by Mr. Turell : "That my Readers may 
be charmed into a Love and Admiration of Virtue and 
Holiness, I now place before their eyes the Picture of my 
Dear Deceased : The Lines and Lineaments, Colours and 


Shades laid and drawn by her own lovely Hand, guided 
by the Spirit of Grace and Truth. 

"And I present it particularly and in the first Place to 
her dear and only surviving Sister ; and then to her near- 
est Relatives and Acquaintance, and to all the rising 
Daughters of New England, that they may understand 
what true Beauty is, and what the brighter Ornaments of 
their Sex are, and seek them with their whole Desire ; 
even the hidden Man of the Heart, in that which is not 
corruptible, the Ornament of a meek and quiet Spirit, 
which is in the Sight of God of great Price. For Favour 
is deceitful, and Beauty is vain ; but a Woman that fear- 
eth the Lord, she shall be praised — And such an one 
(with some additional Excellencies and Accomplishments) 
was Mrs. Jane TurelL Born in Boston, New England, 
February 25, a.d. 1708, of Parents Honourable and Relig- 
ious. Her Father, the Reverend Dr. Benjamin Coleman 
(through the gracious Favour of God) is still living 
among us ; one universally acknowledged to be even from 
his younger Times (at Home and Abroad) a bright Orna- 
ment and Honour to his Country, and an Instrument in 
God's Hand of bringing much good to it. Her Mother, 
Mrs. Jane Coleman, was a truly gracious Woman, Daugh- 
ter of Mr. Thomas Clark, Gentleman." 

Referring again to "The Early Ministers of Medford" 
we find that Dr. Coleman was graduated from Harvard 
College in- 1692, and for six months afterward supplied 
the pulpit of the Medford Church. Six years later he 
was called from England, whither he had gone for further 
study, to be the first pastor of Brattle Street Church, 
which office he held for forty-eight years. Such is the 
very evident admiration? and veneration in which his rev- 
erend son-in-law hekl Dr. Coleman that one feels the 
Memoirs of Mrs. Jane Turell give much more information 
regarding her august father than the lady in question 
(not an altogether unusual occurrence in modern biog- 
raphies however). 

The short and simple annals of Mrs. Turell's life are 

1902.] MRS. JANE TURELL. 3 

so much more interesting in the quaint language of the 
" Memoir" that I shall continue to quote from it. " Mrs. 
Turell was the third child of Reverend and Mrs. Coleman. 
. . . Her Constitution from her early Infancy was won- 
derful weak and tender, yet the Organs of her Body so 
formed as not to obstruct the free Operations of the 
active and capacious Spirit within. The Buddings of 
Reason and Religion appeared on her sooner than usual. 
. . . Before her second year was completed she could 
speak distinctly, knew her Letters, and could relate many 
Stories out of the Scriptures to the Satisfaction and Pleas- 
ure of the most Judicious. I have heard that Governor 
Dudley, with other wise and polite Gentlemen, have 
placed her on a Table, and sitting round it, owned them- 
selves diverted with her Stories. Before she was four 
Years old (so strong and tenacious was her memory) she 
could say the greater Part of the Assembly's Catechism, 
many of the Psalms, some hundred Lines of the best 
Poetry, read distinctly, and make pertinent Remarks on 
man}- Things she read. She grew in Knowledge (the 
most useful) day by day and had the Fear of God before 
her Eyes. She pray'd to God sometimes by excellent 
Forms (recommended to her by her Father and suited to 
her Age and Circumstances) and at other times ex corde, 
the Spirit of God helping her Infirmities. When her 
Father, upon a Time enquired of her what words she 
used in Prayer to God, she answered him that when she 
was upon her Knees God gave her Expression. Even 
at the Age of four, five and six she asked many astonish- 
ing Questions about divine Mysteries, and carefully laid 
up and hid the Answers she received to them in her 

Mr. Turell continues, " The most that I am able to col- 
lect of her Life from six to ten is general, (and from her) 
viz. that her Father daily instructed her, and enriched her 
Mind with the best Knowledge ; and excited her to the 
due Performance of all Duty. And that her tender and 
gracious Mother (who dy'd about four years before her) 


often pray'd for, and over her, and gave her the wisest 
Counsels, and most faithful Warnings ; and that she was 
thankful and grew in Knowledge, and (she hoped) in 
Grace under them. That she loved the School and the 
Exercise of it, and made a laudable Progress in the vari- 
ous Kinds of Learning proper to her Age and Sex. 

"At nine or ten (if not before) she was able to write ; 
for in the Year 1718 I find a letter of her honoured 
Father's to her wrote in Answer to one of hers. In this 
letter Dr. Coleman says : ' I pray God to bless you and 
make you one of his Children. I charge you to pray 
daily, and read your Bible and fear to sin. Be very duti- 
ful to your Mother, and respectful to Everybody. Be 
very humble and modest, womanly and discreet. Take 
care of your Health and as you love me do not eat green 
Apples.' ,,v The latter admonition would seem more suited 
to a child of nine than his other commands. 

Mr. Turell gives a Hymn written by the little Jane in 
her eleventh year, which is here quoted entire to show 
her poetical facility at that age. 

u I fear the great Eternal One above, 
The God of Grace, the God of Love ; 
He to whom Seraphims Hallelujahs sing, 
And Angels do their Songs and Praises bring. 
Happy the Soul that does in Heaven rest, 
Where with his Saviour he is ever blest; 
With heavenly Joys and Rapture is possest, 
No Thoughts but of his God inspire his Breast. 
Happy are they that walk in Wisdom's Ways, 
That tread her Paths and shine in all her Rays." 

" Her Father was pleas'd to encourage her in this 
feeble Essay she made at Verse. He condescended to 
return her Rhymes like her own level to her present 
Capacity, with a special Aim to keep and fix her Mind 
on God and heavenly Things, with which she had begun." 

A line or two from the Father's " Rhymes" will suffice. 

" J°y of my Life ! is this thy lovely Voice? 
Sing on, and a fond Father's Heart rejoice. 

1902.] MRS. JANE TURELL. 5 

'Twas nobly dar'd, my charming Child. A Song 
From a Babe's Mouth of right to Heaven belong. 
Pleasant thy Wit, but more the sacred Theme, 
Such as thy Name and all my Cares beseem." 

"These condescensions of her Father were no doubt 
of great Use to her, and had in some Measure the Effect 
proposed, to put her on thinking and writing more and 
better, and to gain more of his Esteem of Ingenuity and 
Piety which she was wisely ambitious of : but above all 
to approve her Heart before God, her Heavenly Father, 
who sees in secret." 

In her fourteenth year she began a Diary in which 
were entered ''solemn and pertinent Prayers to God to 
deliver her and the Town (Boston) from the Small Pox 
then threatening it ; or to prepare her and his People for 
the Visitation ; also a Meditation and Prayers occasioned 
by the Death of a Friend." 

Before she was eighteen years of age she wrote a poem 
to her Honoured Father, on his being chosen President 
of Harvard College, an office which he did not accept. 
The General Court refused to confirm the appointment 
unless he were released by the Church, and this was not 
done. This poem is dated December 27, 1724, and 
begins thus : — - 

"Sir: — 

u An Infant Muse begs leave beneath your Feet 
To 'lay the first Essays of her poetic Wit ; 
That under your protection she may raise 
Her Song to some exalted Pitch of Praise. 
You who among the Bards are found the Chief." 

Another poetical attempt of this date is that of " Lines 
written to a Friend on her Return to Boston." 

u Thrice welcome Home, thou Glory of our Isle, 
On whom indulgent Heaven delights to smile ; 
Whose Face the Graces make their chosen Seat, 
In whom the charms of Wit and Beauty meet. 
O with what wond'ring Eyes I on you gaze, 
And can't recover from the sweet amaze : " etc. 


The extravagant phrases employed in all these verses 
indicate the literary style of the day, and by no means 
prove that the poetess was lacking in strict veracity, even 
when she calls her Father "Chief of the Bards," and her 
friend the -' Glory of our Isle." 

Some paraphrases of the Psalms followed the verses 
already quoted, upon receiving which her Father wrote 
to her as follows : — 

4 * With the Advantages of my liberal Education at 
School and College I have no reason to think but that 
your Genius in Writing would have excelled mine. But 
there is no great Progress or Improvement made in any- 
thing but by Use and Industry and Time. If you dili- 
gently improve your stated and some vacant Hours every 
Day or Week to read your Bible, and other useful Books, 
you will sensibly grow in Knowledge and Wisdom, fine 
Thoughts and good Judgment from Year to Year. . . . 
But as to a Poetical Flight now and then, let it be with 
you only a thing by the by. At your leisure and spare 
Hours you may indulge your Inclinations this way. But 
let them not break in either upon the daily Hours of 
secret Reading or Devotion. So shall you consecrate 
your Heart and Life, your Muse and your daily Works 
to the Honour of Christ in the Way of your own Salva- 

In addition to her poetical effusions Mr. Turell enumer- 
ates, "In Prose many things, among them 'Some essay 
to write her own Life,' which begins with Thanksgivings 
to God for distinguishing her from most in the World by 
the Blessings of Nature, Providence and Grace, which 
she specifies and enumerates in the following manner: — 

44 i. I thank God for my Immortal Soul, and that 
Reason and Understanding which distinguishes me from 
the lower Creation. 

44 2. For my. Birth in a Christian Country, in a Land 
of Light, where the true God and Jesus Christ are known. 

44 3. For pious and honourable Parents, whereby I am 
favour'd beyond many others. 

1902.] AftfS. J AXE T UK ELL. i 

" 4. For faithful and godly Ministers, who are from 
time to time showing me the Way of Salvation. 

" 5. For a Polite as well as Christian Education. 

" 6. For restraining Grace, that I have been with-held 
from more open and gross Violations of God's holy Laws." 

Also among her prose writings are l4 Her Thoughts on 
Matrimony, with the Rules whereby she resolved to guide 
herself in that important Affair of Life." The rules from 
which she resolves <( never to start " are here given : — 

" 1. I would admit the Addresses of no Person who is 
not descended of pious and creditable Parents. 

" 2. Who has not the Character of a strict Moralist, 
sober, temperate, just and honest. 

" 3. Diligent in his Business, and prudent in Matters. 

" 4. Fixt in his Religion, a constant Attender on the 
publick Worship, and who appears in God's House with 
the Gravity becoming a Christian. 

"5. Of a sweet and agreeable Temper; for if he be 
Owner of all the former good Qualifications, and fails 
here my Life would still be uncomfortable." 

It is rather a comfort to find in Number 5, even this 
bit of worldly wisdom, and it is to be hoped that the Rev. 
Ebenezer fulfilled all these exactions. 

" Before she had seen eighteen," says the Memoir, 
11 she had read and (in some measure) digested all the 
English Poetry, and Polite Pieces in Prose, printed and 
Manuscripts in her Father's well furnished Library, and 
much she borrowed of her Friends and Acquaintance. 
She had indeed such a thirst after Knowledge that the 
Leisure of the Day did not suffice, but she spent whole 
Nights in reading. When I was first inclin'd (by the 
Motions of God's Providence and Spirit) to seek her 
Acquaintance (which was about the Time she entered 
her nineteenth year) I was surpriz'd and charm'd to find 
her so accomplished. I found her in a good measure 
Mistress of the politest Writers and their Works ; could 
point out the Beauties in them, and had made many of 
their best Thoughts her own. And as she went into 

8 3//?5. JANE TURELL. [Jan. 

more free Conversation, she discours'd how admirably on 
many Subjects : I grew by Degrees into such an Opinion 
of her good Taste, that when she put me upon translat- 
ing a Psalm or two, I was ready to excuse myself, and if 
1 had not fear'd to displease her, should have deny'd her 

The following letter, now in possession of Mr. Frank 
Hervey, was written to Miss Coleman just before her 
marriage to Mr. Turell. It is such a good example of 
the epistolary correspondence of those days that it seems 
worth putting on record : — ; 

" Medford, March 21, 1726. 
" Dear Madam : — 

This is to kiss your hand and to tell you you may if 
you please be the absolute mistress of the citey of Med- 
ford : for our Reverant Turell so admires your person 
and vertues and excellent accomplishments that had he 
crowns and scepters he would throw them all at your 
feet to merit your favouer. Indeed Madam if you wear 
to be an empress you could not injoy more happenes 
than the sweet conversation of so excelent a pious and 
wise man. Madam had I a Daughter that he so much 
admires as your Ladyship and I could give her ten thou- 
sand pounds he might comand both her and that. Dear 
Madam I have nothing in my present view can make you 
more happy a this side heaven ; the Lord direct you 
which is the prayer of your most affectionate Aunt and 
humble Servant 


" My servase to your Reverant Father and the Lady 
your Mother." 

"After her marriage, which was on August 11, 1726, 
her custom was once in a month or two, to make some 
new Essay in Verse or Prose, and to read from Day to 
Day as much as a faithful Discharge of the Duties of her 
new Condition gave Leisure for ; and I think I may with 
Truth say, that she made the writing of Poetry a Recrea- 
tion and not a Business. 

1902.] MRS. JANE TURELL. 9 

" What greatly contributed to increase her Knowledge 
in Divinity, History, Physick, Controversy, as well as 
Poetry was her attentive hearing most that I read upon 
those Heads thro' the long evenings of the Winters as 
we sat together." 

From a number of poems written after her marriage 
I select this one, headed " An Invitation into the Coun- 
try, in Imitation of Horace," not so much for its literary 
merit as that it shows more sprightliness of treatment 
than the other elaborated and stilted productions, and 
also gives us a contrast between the Medford of 1730 
and that of today. 

" From the soft Shades and from the balmy Sweets 
Of Medford's flow'ry Vales, and green Retreats, 
Your absent Delia to her Father sends, 
And prays to see him 'ere the Summer ends. 
Now while the Earth 's with beautious Verdure dy'd, 
And Flora paints the Meads in all her Pride ; 
While leaden trees Pomonia's Bounty own, 
And Ceres' Treasures do the Fields adorn, 
From the thick Smokes, and noisy Town, O come, 
And in these Plains awhile forget your Home. 
Tho' my small incomes never can afford, 
Like wealthy Celsus, to regale a Lord ; 
No Ivory Tables groan beneath the Weight 
Of sumptuous Dishes, serv'd in massy Plate ; 
The Forest ne'er was search'd for Food for me, 
Nor from my Hounds the timerous Hare does flee : 
No leaden Thunder strikes the Fowl in Air, 
Nor from my Shaft the winged Death do fear. 
With silken Nets I ne'er the Lake despoil, 
Nor with my Bait the larger Fish beguile. 

* * * 

No Wine, but what does from my Apples flow, 
My frugal House on any can bestow. 

* * * 

But tho' rich Dainties never spread my Board, 

Nor my cool Vaults Calabrian Wines afford, 

Yet what is neat and wholesome I can spread, 

My good fat Bacon and our homely Bread, 

With which my healthful Family is fed. 

Milk from the Cow, and Butter newly churn'd 

And new fresh Cheese, with Curds and Cream just turn'd. 


For a Desert upon my Table *s seen 
The Golden Apple and the Melon green ; 
The blushing Peach and glossy Plumb there lies, 
And with the Mandrake tempt your Hands and Eyes. 
This I can give, and if you'll here repair, 
To slake your Thirst a Cask of Autumn Beer, 
Reserved on purpose for your drinking here. 
Under the spreading Elms our Limbs we'll lay, 
While fragrant Zephirs round our Temples play. 
Retired from Courts, and Crowds, secure we '11 set, 
And freely feed upon our Country Treat. 
No noisy Faction here shall dare intrude, 
Or once disturb our peaceful Solitude. 
* * * 

Tho' I no Down or Tapestry can spread, 
A clean soft Pillow shall support your Head, 
FilTd with the Wool from off my tender Sheep, 
On which with Ease and Safety you may sleep. 
The Nightingales shall lull you to your Rest, 
And all be calm and still as is your Breast." 

Mr. Turell declares that he "might add to these some 
Pieces of Wit and Humour, which if publish'd would give 
a brighter Idea of her to some sort of Readers; but as 
her Heart was set upon graver and better Subjects, and 
her Pen much oftener employed about them, so I chuse 
to omit them, tho' innocent enough, and to preserve the 
Memory of her Ingenuity by the foremention'd." 

The phrase " some sort of Readers " is a trifle, ambig- 
uous, but I think we would willingly have classed our- 
selves with them in order to have obtained the " brighter 
Idea" of Mrs. Turell's genius. 

Far from that possibility, however we are now invited 
to consider " Things more serious and profitable, in 
Prose, tho' many of them very melancholy, being writ 
under the more immediate Cares and Distresses of her 
Mind about her Spiritual State." And melancholy in- 
deed is the series of letters that follow, also the Diary 
•in which she analyzes her various degress of depression 
and 'exaltation of mind, though of the latter there is very 
little account ; as if fearful when in a peaceful frame of 
being led into deeper transgressions. It is pitiful to 

1902.] MJRS. JANE TURELL. 11 

think how the iron of the eighteenth century theology 
entered into this gentle soul. Surely such as she had 
their Purgatorio on earth and were made ready for their' 
Paradiso straightway they left it. 

But it is also of interest to note the mental attitude of 
both her father and her husband at this time. Sympa- 
thetic they undoubtedly were, for the letters of her father 
gave evidence of deep paternal feeling, but both divines 
seem to regard her poor frenzied declarations of sinful- 
ness and hopelessness as perfectly natural. One cannot 
help feeling that they regarded their spiritual patient as 
an interesting case, of which her father's diagnosis is 
considered masterly. 

That Mr. Turell believed her to be a very perfect 
creature, notwithstanding her own doubts and fears is 
evident throughout the record ; and especially in the 
summary, (or catalogue of her virtues it might almost be 
called). After relating her practice of reading the Bible 
out in course once a year, the Psalms much oftener, 
besides many chapters and a multitude of verses, he 
says : " I must own, considering her tender Make and 
often Infirmities, she exceeded in Devotion. And I have 
thought myself obliged sometimes (in compassion to her) 
to call her off, and put her in mind of God's delighting 
in Mercy more than in Sacrifice. I may not forget to 
mention the strong constant Guard she plac'd at the 
Door of her Lips. Who ever heard her call an ill 
Name? or detract from any Body? When she appre- 
hended she received Injuries, Silence and Tears were 
her highest Resentments. But I have often heard her 
reprove others for rash and angry Speeches. In every 
Relation she sustained she was truly exemplary, sensible 
how much of the Life and Power of Religion consists 
in the conscientious Practice and Performance of Rela- 
tive Duties. 

" The People, among whom she lived the last eight 
Years of her Life, both Old and Young, had a Love and 
Veneration for her, as a Person of the strictest Virtue 

12 HffiS. JANE TURELL. [Jan. 

and undefiled Religion. Her Innocence, Modesty, In- 
genuity and Devotion, charm'd all into an Admiration 
of her." 

Here ends this " Story of a Short Life," for at the age 
of twenty-seven years Mrs. Turell died after a brief ill- 
ness, leaving one little son, the last of three children, 
Samuel, of whom she said, " My Desire is that my 
Samuel be lent to the Lord, and be employed by Him 
in his Sendee and in his Church." 

In conclusion Mr. Turell writes, " I question whether 
there has been more Grief and Sorrow shown at the 
Death of any private Person, by People of all Ranks to 
whom her Virtues were known ; Mourning for the Loss 
sustained by ourselves, not for her, nor as others who 
have no Hope. For it is beyond Doubt that she died 
in the Lord, and is Blessed." 

So these few withered leaves of memory that have 
lain forgotten for over a century still exhale the delicate 
perfume of this quiet, studious life ; a life circumscribed 
both in aims and attainments as viewed in the light of 
today, yet one that made the world a better place for 
those who have come into the larger liberty of thought 
and action. 

I902-] 13 

" CURRENT EVENTS," 1724-1734. 
Extracts from Town Records of Medford. 

By Helen T. Wild. 

May 25, 1724. Put to vote whether the town will 
agree to hear Mr. Turell preach two days, and Mr. 
Lowell preach one day, if they may be obtained, also to 
adjourn this meeting for three weeks, then the church 
to make a nomination and call in the town for choice in 
said nomination. Voted in the affirmative. 

At said meeting, voted that Monday the twenty-fifth 
day of May current be set apart for fasting and prayer 
that God would please to direct the affair of that day in 
the choice of a minister. 

At a Town Meeting legally convened by adjournment 
from June the 15 to June the 17th current, Mr. Ebenezer 
Turell was chosen to settle in the work of the ministry 
in Medford. 

At said meeting voted that the town will give to Mr. 
Turell when legally settled in the work of the ministry 
in said town one hundred pounds for his encouragement, 
one hundred pounds in good bills of credit. 

At said meeting voted that the town will give to Mr. 
Turell when settled as aforesaid ninety pounds per year 
and strangers money for a yearly salary during the con- 
tinuance in the work of the ministry in said town. 

At a Town meeting legally convened in Medford 
Sept r the 14th day, 1724 . . . Put to vote whether the 
town will add ten pounds per year to the ninety pounds 
already granted to Mr. Turell which makes up a hun- 
dred pounds per year for his yearly salary. ... And also 
to comply with Mr. TurelPs other proposal referring to 
the neighboring inhabitants that in case they be laid to 
the town to make a reasonable consideration. Voted 
in the affirmative. 

At a Town Meeting' legally convened Oct r the 26th 
I7 2 4 • • • Put to vote whether the town will raise 

14 "CURRENT EVENTS," 1724-1734. [Jan. 

twenty pounds money for the charge of the entertain- 
ment of the Rev d Elders and gentlemen at the ordina- 
tion of Mr. Ebenezer Turell, and if the twenty pounds 
be not sufficient to answer the said charge that then the 
remainder of the money to pay the same be drawn out 
of the treasury. The said twenty pound rate to be 
forthwith made, collected and paid in to the Town 
Treasurer. Voted in the affirmative. 

At a Town Meeting . . . assembled Dec. 29th 1724 
. . . Voted that the Rev. Mr. Turell's salary do begin 
September the 14th last past, at which time the town 
did comply with his proposals in order to his settling in 
the work of the ministry in said town. 

At said meeting, voted that Mr. Turell's salary be 
paid at two payments. 

At said meeting voted that the assessors do forthwith 
make a list of fifty pounds for Mr. Turell's salary for one 
half year. 

At said meeting, put to vote whether that the inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Medford that contribute on the 
Sabbath days, they marking their money, shall have the 
same allowed or discounted to them out of their rate to 
Mr. Turell, by those persons the town shall appoint for 
that service. Voted in the affirmative. 

At a Town Meeting . . . April the 20th 1725 . . . 
put to vote, Whether the town will make choice of a 
spot of land now in the possession of Jonathan Brad- 
shaw near his dwelling house in Medford, either on the 
south side or the north side of the country road, or a 
piece of land belonging to John Bradshaw Jr. on the 
south side of said road to build a new meeting house on. 
Voted in the affirmative. 

At a Town Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town 
of Medford, legally assembled May the 18th 1725 . . . 
Voted that they would not send a Representative [to 
General Court] for this present year. • 

1902.] "CURRENT EVENTS," 1724-1734. 15 

At said meeting put to vote whether the town will 
raise any money at this time to build a new meeting 
house in said town. Voted in the negative. 

Nov. 5th 1725. At said meeting Mr. John Bradshaw, 
Capt. Ebenezer Brooks, Mr. Stephen Hall, Capt. Samuel 
Brooks, Mr. John Willis, Mr. William Willis chosen a 
committee to wait on the Honorable the General Court 
assembled at Boston, to pray that whereas there is a 
hearing to be on Tuesday the 9th of this inst. November 
with respect to a petition preferred by a part of Charles- 
town for a tract of land lying on the north side of Med- 
ford that if it may be obtained that ye Honored Court 
may desist a full determination thereof until the town of 
Medford may have time to prefer a petition for a part 
of said land. Voted in the affirmative. 

At said meeting, voted that the Town will allow Dea. 
John Whitmore twenty and five shillings for his service 
of Town Treasurer out of his rates. 

Dec. 9, 1725. Put to vote whether the town will have 
a writing, reading and ciphering school kept in said town 
for the space of three months. Voted in the affirmative. 

Voted, that there shall be twenty pounds money raised 
for the defraying the charge of a school and other, neces- 
sary charges in said town and that there be an assess- 
ment forthwith made. 

At said meeting voted that Capt. Ebenezer Brooks, 
Thomas Tufts Esq. and Mr. John Bradshaw be a com- 
mittee for to agree with some suitable gentleman to keep 
a school in said town for the time abovesaid. 

At a Town Meeting legally convened Jany. the tenth 
1725-6 . . . Put to vote, whether the town will purchase 
the acre of land belonging to Mr. John Albry [Albree] 
adjoining to Marrabell's Brook [called later Marble and 
Meeting House Brook] and whether the town will build 
a new meeting house on said land ; and in case the 
abovesaid vote pass in the affirmative, then, Mr. Thomas 
Tufts Esq. Peter Saccombe [Seccomb] Mr. John Willis, 

1 6 "CURRENT E VENTS;' 1724-1734. [ Jan. 

Mr. John Richardson, Benjamin Willis do give their 
word to the town to level and raise the said land suita- 
ble to build upon, and said land to be levelled and raised 
so soon as the new meeting house shall be fit to meet 
in. Voted in the affirmative. 

At said meeting the selectmen were chosen a commit- 
tee to agree with Mr. John Albree for his acre of land 
above mentioned, and to make report at the next town 

January 24, 1725-6. Put to vote whether the town 
will pay to Mr, John Albree fifty and five pounds for his 
acre of land above mentioned to build a meeting house 
on. Voted in the affirmative. 

At said meeting, voted that the trustees for the loan 
money granted to the town of Medford by the General 
Court do call the said money in as soon as may be to be 
improved towards the building of a meeting house in 
said town. 

At said meeting put to vote whether the town will 
raise two hundred pound money towards the building a 
meetinghouse in said town — the one half to be paid 
into the Town Treasury at or before the first day of 
May next ensuing, and the other half to be paid in at or 
before the first day of July following. An assessment 
be forthwith made and committed to the constable and 
collector. Voted in the affirmative. 

At a legal Town Meeting by adjournment from Mon- 
day Jan. 24th to Monday Jan. 31, 1725-6. At said meet- 
ing the abovesaid committee did make report. [Referring 
to item in records of meeting Jan. 24] to the town that 
it was their mind it would be proper for this town to 
build a meeting house 52 feet long and thirty-eight feet 
wide, and thirty-three feet the posts according to the 
committee's report. 

At said meeting put to vote whether the town will 
build a meeting-house of the dimensions abovesaid. 
Voted in the affirmative. 

1902.] NEW MEMBERS. 17 

March 7th 1725-6. At said meeting put to vote 
whether the town would have a steeple built to the 
new meeting house. Voted in the affirmative. 

At a Town Meeting August 24, 1727 . . . Put to vote 
whether the town will meet in the new meeting-house 
the Sabbath day after next. Voted in the affirmative. 

At said meeting voted that the town will pay for the 
building of a minister's pew in the new meeting house, 
in the place where the Rev. Mr. Turell shall choose. 

Town Meeting October 1, 1734 

Voted — That the assessors of said town for the time 
being shall make inquiry of some of the principal gold 
smiths in Boston at what rate they purchase their yearly 
stock of silver in order to their apportioning the Rev. 
Mr. Turell's yearly salary, or rate according thereunto. 


The following have been added to membership in the 
Society since April 1st, 1901 : — 

Mrs. Lizzie D. Ayer. William B. Lawrence. 

William S. Beekman. Moses W. Mann. 

Andrew Curtin. Warren T. Morse. 

Charles E. Finney. George B. Preston. 

Walter D. Hall, m.d. John M. Preston. 

• Mrs. Eugenie Hatch. Edjrar A. Thomas. 

Rev. Elijah Horr. Mrs. Edgar A. Thomas. 

I . 

18 [Jan. 

By Moses W. Mann. 

IN almost every town or city may be found traces, faint, 
perhaps, yet bearing silent testimony of pursuits once 
followed or perhaps of enterprises abandoned. All such 
have had their effect, beneficial or otherwise, upon the 
community ; and upon investigation prove of interest, as 
showing what spirit of improvement has been rife in the 
past. Medford is no exception, and while the Historical 
Society is doing good work, in its memorials of the more 
ancient matters, possibly some of those of the earlier half 
(or later) of the last century may be forgotten. 

The passer-by on Main street sees no trace of the half- 
mile race track that once occupied the site of the Lincoln 
School, nor yet the long sheds and brick kilns of thirty 
years ago that succeeded the track. The cattle sheds 
and pens extending from "Willow Bridge" to Harvard 
street, with the lowing cattle and bleating sheep, and the 
long trains from the north every Tuesday morning are a 
thing of the past, and the "Medford Cattle Market" is 
no more. 

The " Middlesex Horse R. R." that once conveyed 
Medford people to Boston exists only in the memory of 
the long-suffering passengers who rode in its jolting cars. 

Where is the aqueduct in its course from the reservoir 
to Charlestown ? Built forty years ago and later dupli- 
cated ; are not its mains now in disuse, and what build- 
ings are built over it? What has become of the old 
reservoirs used by the Fire Department fifty years ago, 
and where were they located ? 

Perhaps a century hence someone may unearth the 
conduit from Mystic Lake through Ward Six, and under 
Mystic River, and wonder if a sort of Liliputian subway 
was once operated there. 

Those who remember the turnpike will recall the four- 
and six-horse tandem teams that hauled single logs of 
mahogany to the mills at Winchester ; but they come no 
more by the old town pump in the square. 


Twice was an effort made to connect our northern 
neighbors with Boston, via the Medford Branch. A 
summer outing might well be taken to trace the road bed 
of the original Stoneham Branch, but the defunct Mystic 
Valley R. R. of later date would not be found within our 
boundaries, though in sight. 

Perhaps the youth of our time, who have worn out 
" Tinkham Brothers' Tide Mill " (till recently in the Pub- 
lic Library), know that Medford was disguised as "Demp- 
ford," and Arlington as " Tamoset," by the author. 

Whether the destroyers of " Wood's Dam " were in the 
right is not for the writer to say, but the old mill depen- 
dent on the tidal current for its power was a picturesque 
object, though on the Arlington side of the river. 

Of the foregoing scenes the writer has seen but one 
or two pictures, one being of the Wood's Mill. It is to 
be regretted that no file of Medford's first or second 
weekly paper is known to exist. If they do, they elude 
search for them, and we lose the information they might 
give us. Now that the camera is popularized, why not 
" snap up " the interesting things and preserve them for 
the future, adding some explanation of name and date ? 
What scholar now in the public school is there who 
would not be pleased in mature life to see the school- 
house and schoolmates' faces grouped together, with the 
loved teacher in the midst, arid -be encouraged to some 
good work by the remembrance of the old associations? 

In. the corner stone of one of Medford's churches is a 
photograph of the interior of its predecessor. It had 
been carried out of the country, but came back again 
(five hundred miles), to find a resting place, and await 
the time when it shall tell the silent story of " Harvest 
Sunday," possibly when all who then lived shall be 
equally silent. 

The above is a suggestion to those who may be able 
to catch and preserve the interesting things in our midst. 
All enterprises and industries in the past have helped to 
make our city what it is. Those of today are doing so. 
Let them not be forgotten. 

20 [Jan. 


At the regular meeting of the society held November 
iS, 1 90 1, the following resolutions were offered on the 
death of the late Hon. Eleazar Boynton, a life member 
of the society : — 

The Medford Historical Society desires to put on 
record the loss sustained by them in the death of Hon. 
Eleazar Boynton. His was one of the characters that 
comes so near to a perfect standard that it is but pleasure 
to express it, and thankfulness, too, that such persons 
really exist among us. Possessing a well trained mind 
and warm heart, combined with a vigorous body, he was 
able to be a true helper when and where it was needed. 
The home, the school, the church, the city, each bore 
witness to his loving service, and a more patriotic citizen 
would be hard to find, so that in each place there is a 
void that none can fill and a grief is ours that time and 
eternal grace only can assuage. 

Resolved, That the church, in the death of Hon. 
Eleazar Boynton, has lost an earnest, consistent worker, 
the business world a merchant of integrity, the commun- 
ity a citizen of broad and liberal views, who has always 
taken a keen interest in the public welfare, and 

Resolved, That the Medford Historical Society has lost 
one of its valued life members, who has recognized from 
its inception the value of the work the society is doing ; 

Resolved, That the society tenders its sympathy to his 
family, that these resolutions be spread upon the records 
of the society and published in the Medford papers. 

L. L. DAME. 

T902-] 21 


The following resolutions were presented to the 
Society January 20, 1902, and adopted unanimously by 
a rising vote : — 

Your committee are convinced that irrespective of 
religious belief and political affiliations, the members 
of the Medford Historical Society unanimously respect 
the memory of their late honorary member, Mrs. Mary 
E. Stearns : 

Therefore, be it resolved, That the Secretary shall enter 
this minute in the records of the Society, and transmit 
a copy to the bereaved family of this truly public-spirited 

Mary Elizabeth (Preston) Stearns, the devoted wife 
and faithful widow of Major George Luther Stearns, 
whom we are proud to count as a life-long Medford 
citizen, the friend of John Brown the chain breaker, 
and the real Moses who pledged his life and fortune, as 
it were, at the scaffold of Brown, to the enfranchisement 
and uplifting of the African race in America, and grandly 
kept his pledge, was a most fit consort for such a man. 

She was born at Norridgewock, Me., on January 21, 
182 1 ; married Mr. Stearns in 1843, coming to live with 
him in Medford from Bangor, Me., and died in Medford 
November 28, 1901, being buried by her request on 
December 2, the day of execution of John Brown, to 
whose memory the day had been kept sacred for many 
years in her household. She was related to Lydia 
Maria Child, and was of the stock of New England 
transcendentalists to whom we owe the poets Whittier, 
Longfellow and Lowell, and also Emerson and Channing, 
Parker, Frothingham and Margaret Fuller. 

Ole Bull, the wonderful violinist, and Emerson, 
Samuel Longfellow, Frothingham, David A. Wasson, 
Dr. Hedge, the Hallowells, Frank B. Sanborn, James J. 
Myers, present Speaker of the Massachusetts House of 


Representatives, and many other notable persons were 
frequent partakers of her hospitality, and knew the 
refined attractions of her home, which kept her hus- 
band's heart constantly there, wherever his onerous 
public duties might call him, for she was a perfect 
housekeeper, and worshipper of art in all its branches. 
The radiance of the azaleas in her conservatory in the 
snow-bound days of February, due to her personal care, 
is far famed. One of the best pictures of her shows her 
seated in this bower. 

Tuskegee, Hampton, Berea and Calhoun, the colleges 
devoted to the education of colored students, are indebted 
to Mrs. Stearns for most liberal yearly contributions of 
pecuniary aid from the start, nor have her private bene- 
factions been less liberal and judicious. 

Tufts College and the Boston Homoeopathic Hospital 
are handsomely remembered in her will, and this Society 
is the residuary legatee of portraits of historic value — 
one of them being that of the builder of this house, 
Convers Francis — and other appropriate gifts. 

Let us therefore say as Whittier did of her noble 
husband ; may she not also — 

" Hear the blessing, 
4 Good and faithful enter in ! ' " 



By Helen T. Wild. 

. Rev. Ebenezer Turell was the son of Samuel and 
Lydia (Stoddard) Turell. He was born Feb. 15, 1702, 
and graduated from college in 172 1. In 1724, he was 
ordained and became the pastor of the church in Med- 
ford. He married first, Jane, daughter of Rev. Dr. Col- 
man, of Boston; second, Lucy Davenport, Oct. 23, 1735, 
and third, Mrs. Jane Tyler, a daughter of William 
Pepperell of Kittery. 

1902.] SOCIBTT NOTES. 23 

Parson Turell died Dec. S, 1778. He left no chil- 

His home was afterward known as the Jonathan 
Porter Homestead, and stood at the corner of Winthrop 
Street and Rural Avenue. His colleague, Rev. David 
Osgood, took the place of a son to him, as well as asso- 
ciate pastor. For the last five years of Mr. Turell's life, 
hardly a day passed which was not brightened by a visit 
from the young divine. 


Mr. Walter H. Gushing, one of our most active mem- 
bers and instructor in History in the High School, is 
publishing a series of Medford History Leaflets " designed 
to tell the story of Medford's development from earliest 
times to the present, From the subjects announced 
for forthcoming numbers these will prove a most inter- 
esting and valuable set to those interested in our past 

Among the many gifts to the society is a model of the 
Medford-built ship, " Cyren," from Miss A. M. Newell of 
South Boston. It is an exceptionally fine model, en- 
closed in a glass case on a black walnut table. It also 
contains a fine collection of shells and coral. It is a 
valuable acquisition to our collection. 

The next number of the Register will contain Mr. 
Hollis' paper on " Grace Church." It was given before 
the society on December 16. Mr. Hollis has collected 
a remarkable history of one of Medford's prosperous 
church organizations, and it will be read with interest by 
all, whether members of the church or not. 

The first address in the " Saturday Night Course" was 
given on December 7 by Mr. Marshall P. Thompson of 
Boston on " Marquis Ito," and proved to be of more than 
usual interest. It is hoped Mr. Thompson can be in- 
duced to continue his talk on some future date. 

24 ERRATA. [Jan.oi. 

Mr. Charles H. Loomis, who has been on the Publica- 
tion Committee since the starting of the Register, and 
a greater part of the time its chairman, has resigned. 
Mr. Will C. Eddy has been elected to fill the vacancy 
and to the chairmanship. 

In the death of Hon. Eleazar Boynton, a life member, 
Mrs. Matilda T. Haskins, one of our active members, 
and Mrs. George L. Stearns, our honorary member, the 
society has sustained a great loss, as all were most inter- 
ested in its success. 

The Committee on Publication needs the assistance of 
every member of the society to make the coming year of 
the Register a success financially, as well as otherwise. 
Will you get a new subscriber ? 

By the will of the late Mrs. George L. Stearns her 
valuable home in this city will, after the death of two 
beneficiaries, go to Tufts College with fifty thousand 
dollars in money. 

The society needs an endowment. Who of our wealthy 
citizens will be the first to remember it ? 

errata, vol. II, NO. i. 

P. 44. There were two negroes by the name of Prince 
Hall. One, probably the servant of Stephen Hall, died 
in service. The other, who signed the receipt for bounty 
June 1778, was a prominent man among the colored 
people of Boston in later years. 

P. 45. Thomas Revalion's name does not appear 
among Massachusetts soldiers, 1 775-1 7S3. 

P. 46. William Earl lost his leg while one of the crew 
of the " Alliance." He enlisted on that ship about two 
months after the battle between the " Bon Homme 
Richard" and the " Serapis." 



/ ^ — 4 

|Mm — - 




The Medford Historical Register. 

Vol. V. 

APRIL, 1902. 

No. 2. 

An Historical Monograph.* 

By Benjamin Pratt Hollis. 

To Episcopalians. 

ALL PERSONS who feel desirous of hav- 
ing an EPISCOPAL CHURCH established 
in Medford, are earnestly requested to 
meet on TUESDAY evening next, at 7 
o'clock, at the house of Airs. Barr. 

Medford, Dec. 11, 1847. 

THE Hon. James M. 
Usher, editor of 
the History of Medford, 
in his opening para- 
graph on Grace Church 
says : — 

44 From the original 
settlement of Medford until nearly the middle of the 
present century Churchmen who lived within its borders 
were compelled, by the non-existence of a church of 
their faith in the town, to seek in neighboring towns 
the enjoyment of the forms of worship they so much 
loved. Their desire to do this, and their conviction 
that under such circumstances they ought not to be 
compelled to support by the payment of taxes or ' rates ' 
the worship of the one religious society which for more 
than a century and a half existed here, led, at least in 
one case, to serious trouble. For we find that because 
of his refusal to pay such taxes, one Mathew Ellis, was 
imprisoned by the constable of the town. The said 
Ellis, however, was not willing thus to suffer depriva- 
tion of his religious liberty, and was granted an appeal 
from the judgments of the local courts by the ' King 
in council.' What the final results of this case was, 
doth not appear, but it is probable that the custom 
of taxing those who were members of the Established 

*This paper was read in an abridged form before the Medford Historical Society, December 16, 1901. 



Church of England did not long continue. But mem- 
bers of that Church, if they still desired to engage in its 
worship, were obliged to do so in the old parishes of 
Christ and Trinity Churches, Boston, or the somewhat 
nearer parish of Christ Church, Cambridge. This state 
of things continued until the year 1847. 

" In November of that year the project of an Episcopal 
church in Medford was first agitated ; and at a meeting 
held on December 1 1 it was determined to make an 
effort to establish a parish. Christmas Eve was selected 
as an appropriate time for the first service, and the Rev. 
Dr. Alexander H. Vinton, rector of St. Paul's Church, 
Boston, was invited to preach on the occasion. One of 
the Congregational churches was loaned for the service, 
and, in accordance with the custom of the Episcopal 
communion on the Christmas festival, was fitly decorated 
with evergreen. This was, so far as is known, the first 
time that the public worship of the church was ever 
celebrated in Medford. On this occasion notice was 
given that thereafter there would be regular services in 
the Odd Fellows' Hall, situated in the upper part of the 
railway station. 

"On the evening of February 15, 1848, in accordance 
with a legal warrant previously issued, seven gentlemen 
assembled in a private house and organized the parish 
under the name of Grace Church. 

"An adjourned meeting was held on the evening of 
May 7, at which a code of by-laws was adopted and the 
parish organization completed. At the same time the 
Rev. David Greene Haskins, of Roxbury, was chosen 

" On the second of July the church record reads : 
* Holy communion was first time administered in Med- 
ford,' and on the twenty-second of October the rite of 
confirmation was first administered, eight persons re- 
ceiving the imposition of hands. 

"On the first of September, 1849, a committee was 
appointed to consider and report upon the best site for 


a church edifice, and on the fifth of September the com- 
mittee recommended the purchase of a lot of land on 
High street, extending to the river and opposite the 
grounds of the old high school building. The recom- 
mendation was adopted. The land was secured, the 
work of raising the required funds and building the 
church rapidly prosecuted, and on the eleventh of May, 
1S50, the completed church edifice was duly consecrated 
by the Right Rev. Manton Eastburn, bishop of the 

The cost of the land was $1,200, the cost of building 
and furnishing the church, $2,680, or a total of $3,880. 
The building, designed by J. E. Billings, Esq., architect, 
consisted of a porch, nave and chancel, with a rector's 
room adjoining. The outside was of planed boards, 
battened and painted. There was no spire, tower or 
belfry, but the porch and the two ends of the church 
were surmounted by floriated crosses. The church floor 
and gallery accommodated about two hundred persons. 
The land sloped toward the river, and under the chancel 
was the entrance to the basement Sunday-school room. 
It was a good specimen of the early English village 

The rector, the Rev. David Greene Haskins, was born 
in Boston, May 1, 18 18. He was graduated from Har- 
vard University in the class of 1837, an d in 1839 entered 
the junior class of the theological seminary, Andover. 

From 1 84 1 to 1844 he was preceptor of the Portland 
Academy at Portland, Maine. Removing to Roxbury 
in 1844, he conducted a private school for girls, and at 
the same time studied for the ministry under the direc- 
tion of Rev. Dr. Howe, late bishop of central Pennsyl- 

On March 7, 1848, he was elected rector of Grace 
Church. In his early residence in Medford he occupied 
the old Remember Preston house in the square, oppo- 
site the town hall. In 185 1 he built the house at the 
corner of High and Mystic streets in West Medford, 
afterwards occupied by the late Nathan Bridge. 


This house was building at the time of the tornado ; 
was entirely demolished, and had to be rebuilt. 

Mr. Haskins resigned the rectorship February iS, 1852. 

At that time the number of parishioners was 84 

Died or removed since the establishment of the parish ... 64 

Present number of communicants . . 40 

Whole number confirmed 31 

Whole number of baptisms . . 60 

Whole number of marriages 10 

Whole number of burials 14 

Mr. Haskins died in Cambridge May n, 1896. He 
was succeeded in the rectorship by the Rev. Justin 
Field, who became rector on the fourteenth of Septem- 
ber, 1852, and remained until December, 1859. During 
a portion of his ministry the parish was aided by an 
appropriation from the Diocesan Board of Missions. 

A vacancy in the rectorship existed for a year suc- 
ceeding Mr. Field's resignation. The Rev. A. C. 
Patterson of Buffalo, New York, was invited, but cir- 
cumstances prevented his assuming charge of the 

The Rev. George Augustus Strong became rector 
in January, 1861, and remained until May, 1863. He 
was born in Norwich, Conn., in 1832. Mr. Strong 
writes : " The larger part of my early life before enter- 
ing Kehyon College, Ohio, in 1847, was spent in Cin- 
cinnati. The three years of my theological training in 
the Alexandria Seminary, Virginia, in the same class 
with my friend Phillips Brooks, closed in 1859, and I 
was ordained in the early summer of that year. For less 
than two years after leaving the seminary, I was assist- 
ant to Bishop Lee of Delaware, and the Medford parish 
was my first full charge. 

" Mr. George Porter and his sister, with the family 
connections of Mrs. Dudley Hall, children and grand- 
children, were the more prominent members of the 
parish and my constant supporters. The young ladies 
of the church, Miss Nellie Wilde, Miss Caroline Train, 

— .■~ww S *m*^r,*vr\-*rrir>*£ -f>rr."- 'ftl**-*?!™?*"*?* 

„ — 


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■ li • ra 



. .,2 


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Miss Mary King, and others, gave me patient and ready 
help in the Sunday-school under Mr. Gardiner P. Gates, 
our efficient superintendent. Those were the early 
years of the war, anxious years for us all, and for many 
of the people in Medford, as elsewhere through the land, 
overclouded with doubts about the outcome of the con- 
flict, doubts which I never shared. I remember preach- 
ing persistently my faith in the final success of our cause, 
as the only service I was permitted to render ; rather 
feeble service, indeed, but hotly sincere. Phillips Brooks, 
at home from his first Philadelphia parish for a vacation 
visit in Boston, sat in a pew in our church on one of the 
Sundays, and privately criticized the sermon as ' blood- 
thirsty.' " The Episcopal, or, as it is sometimes called, 
the English Church, was at that period rather conserva- 
tive in its pulpit utterances relating to the leading ques- 
tions of the day, but Mr. Strong seems to have been a 
courageous radical. 

"After leaving Medford in 1863, officiated two and 
one-half years in Calvary Church, Germantown, Penn. ; 
twelve years as professor of English literature in Kenyon 
College ; ten years as rector of Grace Church, New 
Bedford, and ten more as a resident of Cambridge, 
where my home now is." 

Mr. Strong was succeeded by the Rev. Charles Henry 
Learoyd, who entered upon his duties September 6, 

Mr. Learoyd was born in Danvers. He entered Har- 
vard College in 1854; was a member of the Institute 
Society, the Hasty Pudding Club and the Phi Beta 
Kappa; formed the Harvard Glee Club, and was its 
first leader; graduated in 1858; entered the Andover 
Theological Seminary in 1859; became rector of Grace 
Church, Medford, in 1863. October 14, married Susan 
Ellen Perley of Danvers. 

On the sixth of September, 1865, Mr. Learoyd went 
to Europe, and the Rev. C. Ingalls Chapin acted as 
supply until his return on the twenty-third of the fol- 
lowing September. 


" In 1867 the parish entered upon the work of building 
a new church, and the sum of fifteen thousand dollars 
was subscribed for the purpose; but subsequently the 
undertaking was assumed by the family of the late Gor- 
ham Brooks, Esq. The amount subscribed by the 
parish was placed in the hands of the Trustees of Dona- 
tions as a permanent fund. The corner stone of the 
church was laid September 17, 1867, by the Rev. Mr. 
Learoyd, when an address was delivered by the Rev. 
Henry C. Potter, d.d., the present bishop of New York. 
Beneath the stone was deposited a box containing a 
silver plate, with this inscription: l In the name of the 
Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, Amen.' 
The corner stone of this building is laid the seventeenth 
of September, 1867, by the Parish of Grace Church, 
Medford, organized the eighteenth of February, 1848. 
Then followed the names of the bishops of the diocese, 
the rector of the parish, the officers, building committee 
and architect. The church was erected under the 
supervision of John T. Tarbell, Francis A. Gray, 
Dudley C. Hall, Shepherd Brooks and the rector as a 
building committee. The parish took possession of the 
new stone church on Advent Sunday, 1868." 

Mr. Learoyd resigned his rectorship at Easter, 1872, 
and became rector of St. Thomas Church, Taunton. 
He was elected treasurer of the diocese of Massachusetts 
in 1873, which office he now (1901) holds. He resigned 
from St. Thomas Parish in July, 1895, an ^ accepted the 
rectorship of Emmanuel Church, Wakefield, January 
15, 1896. 

On the fifteenth of September, 1872, the Rev. Charles 
Lewis Hutchins entered upon the rectorship of the 
parish. Mr. Hutchins was born in Corcord, New 
Hampshire, in 1838, of George and Sarah Rolfe Tucker 
Hutchins. His great-grandfather, Gordon Hutchins, 
fought as a captain with the Continental troops at 
Bunker Hill, and was afterward breveted colonel. Mr. 
Hutchins graduated from Williams College in 1861, 


and spent a year in a voyage around the world. His 
theological studies were pursued at the General Theo- 
logical Seminary, New York City, from which he grad- 
uated in 1865. Ordained the same year both deacon 
and priest; became assistant minister at the Church of 
the Holy Communion, New York, in 1865; rector of 
St. John's, Lowell, from 1865 to 1869; assistant minis- 
ter at St. Paul's Cathedral, Buffalo, New York, 1869 to 
1872. Mr. Hutchins married Mary Groom, daughter of 
Thomas Groom, of Boston. For many years he has 
been interested in musical work and in 1871 edited 
the Church Hymnal, and later established a musical 
called the Parish Choir, which, at one time, was the 
only weekly publication in the world devoted to church 

In 1S71 Mr. Hutchins was elected third assistant 
secretary of the General Convention of the Episcopal 
Church of the United States, and in 1877 was niade 
secretary, which office he still holds (1901). 

In 1873 a commodious rectory, situated on the north- 
erly side of High Street, a short distance from the 
church, was built by Dudley C. Hall, Esq., and by him 
presented to the parish for the use of the rector. 

" The church building " (to quote again from Mr. 
Usher), "which since its completion had remained in 
the ownership of the family who had generously erected 
it, and consequently, in accordance with the canonical 
law of the church, could not be consecrated, was given 
to the parish by Mr. Peter C. Brooks and Mr. Shepherd 
Brooks, and received consecration at the hands of the 
Right Rev. Henry A. Neely, Bishop of Maine, on the 
sixth of May, 1873. The services of consecration were 
of the most impressive character, and were attended by 
a very large congregation, as well as by a larger number 
of clergymen than had been gathered together at a simi- 
lar service in the history of the diocese. The sermon 
was preached by the Rev. Dr. Alexander H. Vinton, 
and several of the former rectors of the parish partici- 


pated in the services. In presenting these gifts of 
church and rectory to the parish, the donors placed 
them in the hands of the ' Trustees of Donations ' (a 
corporation formed for the purpose of holding and pre- 
serving ecclesiastical property for the Episcopal Church), 
thus preventing the possibility of alienation and loss." 

In September, 1873, was raised to the ringing-chamber 
of the tower a chime of nine bells attuned to the scale of 
G, with tenor of 1,383 lbs., cast by the Blake Bros. Co., 
successors of Paul Revere. The tenor or largest bell 
was provided by and is still owned by the town, being 
designed for service as a fire-bell, though never used for 
that purpose. Five of these bells are memorial. 

The following is the weight of the respective bells 
with names of the donors: — 





— Children of Margaret B. Buss. 





— Joseph K. Manning. 





— Children's bell. 



37 1 


— Mrs. Gorham Brooks and family 





— Mrs. Dudley C. Hall. 





— Grace Church, Medford. 





— Dudley C. Hall. 





— Grace Church, Medford. 





— Town of Medford. 

5,234 lbs. 

In addition to the date of casting, each bell has an in- 
scription of an appropriate quotation from the scriptures. 
The contract price of the chime was $2,600, of which 
the town paid $600, and there was beside an additional 
expense of $100 connected with the work of raising. 

On the eleventh of June, 1882, the corner stone of a 
Parish House was laid. This building, which is of stone, 
was completed and used for the first time on the twenty- 
second of October. It contains a chapel for Sunday- 
school and week day services, choir library and vestry 
room, and on the floor below a room which was for a 
time used for a day school but has recently been re- 
arranged to serve as a room for social gatherings. The 

Rev. Charles Henry Learoyd. Rev. David Greene Haskins 

Rev. Frank Ilsley Paradise. 
Rev. Charles Lewis Hltchins. Rev. Arthur Bannard Moorehouse 


cost of the building, which was constructed by Mr. S. C. 
Earle, was $7,668, including the furnishings. 

In 1883 the Rev. John B. Richmond, formerly rector 
of St. Michael's, Marblehead, became assistant minister, 
and on April 7, 1890, resigned the position after seven 
years of service. 

Mr. Hutchins resigned the rectorship April 15, 1890, 
and was succeeded in July by the Rev. Arthur Bannard 
Moorehouse, a.m. 

Mr. Moorehouse was born in Schenectady, N. Y. He 
graduated from Union College in 1878, receiving the 
degree of a.b., and in 1881 received the degree of a.m. 
in course. In 1880 he entered the General Theological 
Seminary, N. Y., and was graduated in the class of 1883. 
In May of that year he was made deacon by the Right 
Rev. W. C. Doane, d.d., bishop of Albany, and spent his 
diaconate as assistant in St. John's Church, Washington, 
D. C, ordained priest in 1884, and was assistant in St. 
Paul's Church, Troy, N. Y. Became rector of Zion's 
Church, Sandy Hill, in 1885; in 1889, rector of St. 
Luke's, Chelsea, and in 1890, of Grace Church, Med- 
ford. Mr. Moorehouse resigned the rectorship on 
account of ill health on the first of September, 1897. 

From that time until April 20, 1898, the parish was 
without a rector, but on that date, the Rev. Frank Ilsley 
Paradise, for four years dean of Christ Church Cathedral, 
New Orleans, accepted the call and at once entered 
upon his new duties. Mr. Paradise was born in Boston 
and educated in the public schools and at Phillips Acad- 
emy, Andover. He was graduated from Yale University 
in the class of 18S8, and was prepared for the ministry 
at the Berkeley Divinity School, Middletown, Conn., 
the school which was founded and presided over by 
Bishop Williams. Upon his ordination to the diaconate 
in 1890, Mr. Paradise was called to the rectorship of St 
Peter's Church, Milford, Conn., where he remained three 
years, when he was called to St. Luke's Church, East 
Greenwich, R. I. After a short rectorship of seven 


months in this beautiful town, he was elected dean of 
Christ Church Cathedral, New Orleans, La., and began 
his work there in February, 1894. He filled this posi- 
tion for the next four years, and in April, 1898, was 
called to the rectorship of Grace Church, Medford. 

The fiftieth anniversary of Grace Church was suitably 
observed on Sunday, May 7, 1898. The historical ad- 
dress was delivered by the new rector and was exceed- 
ingly interesting. The musical program was prepared 
under the direction of Geo. L. Willis, choir master, who 
had just completed seventeen years of active work in 
connection with the choir. Miss Elizabeth R. Robely 
was organist, she having served in that capacity since 
April, 1888. 

In the evening a reception was given to the parish by 
the wardens and vestry. The invitation included all 
past and present members and others interested in the 
church, and the occasion was one of especial interest. 

Grace Church, Medford, is the creation of that tran- 
scendent artist, Henry Hobson Richardson, architect of 
Trinity Church, Boston ; Grace Church, Springfield ; 
the Capitol at Albany, and Woburn Public Library. 
It is situated on High street, nearly opposite the site of 
the First, or Unitarian, Church and occupies one-third 
of the old Timothy Bigelow property, consisting of about 
fifty thousand square feet. The other two-thirds are 
owned by James W. Tufts. The style of the church is 
Gothic, with a sharply sloping roof, acutely pointed 
windows and a tower ninety feet in height, sunnounted 
by an iron cross. The material is the cobble stone or 
boulder of the field, with trimmings of hewn granite. 
The external roof is of slate, with metal cresting. The 
interior finish is of open timber work, colored brown. 
The nave and aisles under one span of roof are seventy- 
one feet long by thirty-five feet wide, with a chancel 
twenty-eight feet long by nineteen feet wide. The apse 
of the chancel is pierced by fifteen lancet windows, each 


a memorial, filled with richly colored glass, illustrating 
scenes from the Old Testament and events in the life of 
our Saviour. The subjects, of which there are three 
groups, are as follows, beginning at the north : — 

Isaac Carrying the Wood for Sacrifice, The Finding of Moses, 
The Child Samuel, Elijah Raising the Widow's Son, The Young 
Princes Before Nebuchadnezzar, The Nativity of Christ, Adoration 
of the Magi, Presentation in the Temple, Amongst the Doctors, 
The Cottage at Nazareth, Christ Blessing Little Children, Raising 
Jairus' Daughter, Raising the Widow's Son, The Youthful 
Timothy, and His Teachers, St. John With Children. 

These windows were placed in memory of: — 

Cynthia M. Ames, iSSo. Manton Learovd, 1872. 

Hildreth Marvel, 18S7. Frank K. Half, 1S6S. 

John W. Firth, 1SS7. Eugene B. Parsons, 1883. 

Edward S. Church, 1869. Minnie Williams, 1S74. 

E. I. and W. I. Ingersoll, 1SS0. Helen Weston, 18S3. 

Sarah Jane Haskell, l §79* Robert C. Kummer, 1899. 

Margaret G. Hutchins, 1876. Charles E. Kummer, 1899. 
George F. Fuller, 1SS6. 

The altar furniture consists of a cross and vases of 
brass, altar desk and service book, credence table at 
right of altar. The sanctuary, which is tiled, contains 
also a bishop's chair and chair for clergy, and is sepa- 
rated from the choir by a brass railing. The choir is 
furnished with black walnut seats and chairs and desks 
for clergy. A stone screen about three feet in height 
separates the choir from the nave. The pulpit, on the 
north side of the chancel is of black walnut, octagonal 
in shape, with buttressed sides and Gothic panels. The 
lectern, of polished brass and exquisite workmanship, is 
memorial. The Bible has this inscription : " A Thank 
Offering from Mary G. Hutchins. A. D. 1872." On 
festival days the chancel is further adorned with a hand- 
some rood-screen of Gothic pattern. 

The choir of the first church consisted of a quartet 
of male and female voices, including in 1864, Mr. Wil- 
liam H. Randall, Mr. Edwin F. Webber, Miss Anna 
Wild and Mrs. Charles B. Crockett, who sang to the 

X 699313 


music of an organ presided over by Miss Mary E. King 
in a gallery over the entrance door. Removing to the 
stone church, the choir and organ were placed in the 
alcove under the tower, where they continued until July 
18, 1875, when a new organ, built by Hook & Hastings, 
was set up in the south side of the chancel, and the per- 
sonnel of the choir was changed to a chorus of boys and 
girls; subsequently the girls were dropped from the 
choir, and on the twenty-second of October, 1882, the 
boys were surpliced for the first time and occupied seats 
in the chancel. Two years ago four girls were intro- 
duced into the choir, surpliced like the rest, with the 
addition of a black cap. 

The alcove under the tower was, on the removal of 
the choir, converted into a baptistry, in which was 
placed a new font, . the gift of the rector, the Rev. 
Charles L. Hutchins, and -bearing on one of its sides, 
"In memory of Margaret Gordon Hutchins, at rest, 
August 22, 1876." "The font stands on a slab of Kibbe 
stone. Its base is of Tennessee marble. From the base 
rise five shafts ; the central one is of Medford granite, 
taken out of Pasture Hill. The four shafts which 
cluster round the larger centre shaft are of French red 
marble. These shafts are surmounted by capitals show- 
ing in delicate sculptured work wreaths of lilies of the 
valley. The octagonal bowl is of Knoxville pink marble. 
On four of its sides angels' heads are sculptured, while 
on the remaining sides the words, ' One Lord, one 
Faith, one Baptism,' with the inscription before men- 
tioned." There are in the church other memorials beside 
the chancel windows already referred to. 

First. A beautiful tablet in the chancel to the mem- 
ory of Miss Mary E. King, erected in 1878. It consists 
of a slab of pure black marble into which is sunk a large 
brass plate. The plate is beautifully engraved and con- 
tains unique and appropriate representations of St. 
Cecelia in a kneeling posture and devotionally engaged 
in playing a primitive organ. Beneath the figure and 





instrument, which are in a canopy, there is the inscrip- 
tion : " Mary Ellen King, who gave her services as organ- 
ist to this church for more than 25 years. At rest, Aug. 
12, 1877. The tribute of a grateful Parish." 

Second A bronze tablet on the west wall to the 
memory of Mrs. Gorham Brooks, inscribed: — 


The parishioners ^^^^SlM °f Grace Church 

Gratefully erect this tablet 

As a memorial to 


Widow of Gorham Brooks. 

By whose Christian munificence 

This Church was built A.D. 1868 


Third. A stained glass window on the northerly side 
of the church, erected by Mr. and Mrs. James T. Adams 
as a memorial to their daughter, Mrs. Helen Adams 
Elliott The subjects, Faith and Hope, are represented 
by two female figures; that in the left section bearing a 
large cross, that on the right, an anchor and an open 
book. The draperies of the figures are of a deep and 
rich green and red. In the top panel is an angel with 
an open book, on which is recorded the words : " She 
Hath Done What She Could." On scroll at the top: 
"To the Glory of God and in memory of." Inscription 
at the base; "Helen Adams Elliott. Died May 29, 
1879. Aged 39 years. Erected by her parents. Right 
precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of his 


Fourth. A window on the south side to the memory 
of Mrs. Ellen Shepherd Brooks,* erected by her sons, 
Peter Chardon and Shepherd Brooks. This window, 
by John LaFarge, of New York, is noted for its exquisite 
colors, and is a valuable artistic decoration to the church. 
The subject, " Rebckah at the Well," is after a painting 
by Horace Vernet. At the base of the window is the 
inscription : "In memory of our mother, Ellen Shepherd 
Brooks, 1884." In this window the mullions are re- 
moved, the glass occupying the entire space. 

Fifth. The brass cross and vases on the altar and 
re-table from Mrs. Dudley C. Hall. The cross is in- 
scribed : " A Thanksgiving Offering." 

The silver of the communion service is very hand- 
some. The beautiful flagon, paten, chalice, and alms 
basin which are used in the larger services were given 
to the parish by Mrs. Dudley Hall in 1868. The cruets 
and the smaller chalice were given by Miss Edna J. 
Manning, formerly a member of the Altar Guild. The 
pix was the gift of Miss Virginia Lee. The cruets are 
of cut glass, with silver trimmings. The other vessels 
are of silver. 

Suspended from the roof of the chancel is a corona 
chandelier, a Christmas gift from the Sunday-school in 
1877. It is of polished brass, with twenty-four burners, 
made by Cornelius & Sons, Philadelphia, and exhibited 
by them at the Centennial Exposition. 

The hanging of the altar, the dorsal, and ante-pen- 
dium for pulpit consist of drapery, with emblems in 
raised needlework. There are four sets of these em- 
broideries beautifully wrought in as many colors. White, 
used in Easter, Ascension and Epiphany seasons, sym- 
bolizes the sun-bright light of truth, innocence, joy, etc. 
Red, used at Whitsunday and Saints' days, stands for 
ardent love and for fire. Green, used at Trinity season, 
is symbol of life, from living vegetation. Violet, used in 

*Mrs. Brooks was the daughter of R. D. Shepherd, of Virginia. She was bom at New Orleans 
Augu«t 22, 1809, married Gorham Brooks, April 20, 1829, and died at West Medford, August 11, 


Advent and Lent, is symbol of sorrow or union of love 
and pain. 

The west door of the church opens directly into the 
nave. Above it is a circular or rose window nine feet 
in diameter, glorious with stained glass, the gift of the 

The pews, thirty-seven in number, are open seats of 
quartered oak.; the total seating capacity being about 
three hundred. Within a few months Pew No. 29 has 
been set apart for the use of students of Tufts College, 
and a designating plate affixed to the end of the pew. 

In the earlier days of the church the clergyman read 
the service clad in a surplice, and during the singing of 
the second hymn, retired to the robing room and 
donned a black silk gown or preacher's robe. Later, 
say about the year 1870, an advanced form of worship 
obtained, and the gown fell into disuse, the minister 
wearing the surplice with a stole during the entire ser- 
vice, the stole being considered the symbol of a yoke. 

To the imagination rapt in sacred reverie there come 
pictures of this consecrated pile, with its low depending 
roof and " ivy mantled tower." What a beautiful scene 
is that, and how inspiring when at even-song the rays of 
the setting sun, streaming through the great rose win- 
dow tinted with many colored hues, fall on aisle and 
pew and chancel, and we are reminded that about this 
spot cluster the most hallowed associations. Here we 
have brought our children in infancy and presented them 
at the font for baptism; here in later years they have 
received the rite of confirmation ; here to the strains of 
the wedding march we have advanced to the altar; and 
here, also, with solemn dirge, has been performed the 
last sad rite. We see the altar draped in white, with 
hangings of gold, the organ, the white-robed choristers, 
and the words of Pope's majestic hymn, set to the music 
of the Russian anthem, ring out upon the air and break 
with heavenly melody upon our ears. 


Rise, crown'd with light, imperial Salem, rise ! 
Exalt thy towering head and lift thine eyes! 
See heaven its sparkling portals wide display, 
And break upon thee in a flood of day. 

See a long race thy spacious courts adorn, 
See future sons, and daughters yet unborn, 
In crowding ranks on every side arise, 
Demanding life, impatient for the skies. 

See barbarous nations at thy gates attend, 

Walk in thy light, and in thy temple bend ; 

See thy bright altars thronged with prostrate kings. 

While every land its joyous tribute brings. 

From earth's wide bound, from ocean's farthest coast, 
Through gates of pearl streams in the countless host, 
Singing to Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, 
Alleluia ! Amen. 


Grace Church Sunday-school, though small as com- 
pared with some Sunday-schools, has been an important 
auxiliary of the church. The first superintendent at the 
formation of the school in 1855 was Frederick Z. Sey- 
mour; he was succeeded by Mr. Gardiner P. Gates, who 
took charge of the school in January, 1861. There were 
then eight teachers and forty-six scholars. 

In 1877 the school had eleven teachers and seventy- 
five scholars, with an average attendance of sixty. At 
that time medals were awarded for good behavior, regu- 
lar attendance and perfect lessons, and at the Whitsun- 
day festival fourteen scholars received medals furnished 
by the rector, and two of the boys in the choir were also 
decorated with medals furnished by the parish. 

A banner was given to the leading class and was car- 
ried at the head of the school in the processionals. At 
Whitsunday, 1878, the superintendent's report read as 
follows: School commenced May 27, 1877, continued to 
June 24, inclusive; resumed September 9, continued up 
to June 2, inclusive, forty-three Sundays. Whole num- 
ber that have been in the Sunday-school during the year, 


Ifil < 


m j u>'\ 
V- ill/*- 

yj hi 



G race Church (Episcopal ), 1H50. 




eighty-two; whole number of persons acting as teachers 
during the year, fifteen. At present, 1901, there are on 
the books of the Sunday-school the names of one hun- 
dred and two children, nine teachers and three officers, 
Mr. Allison M. Stickney being superintendent. There 
is also a Bible class, which meets on a week-day evening, 
conducted by the rector. Some of the men who have 
been identified with the work of the Sunday-school be- 
sides Mr. Seymour and Mr. Gates, are Henry H. Elliott, 
Benj. P. Hollis, Chas. E. Kummer, Allison M. Stickney 
, and Fred H. Fletcher. The latter died suddenly in 
September, 1901. He was not only an efficient super- 
intendent, but had served the church in almost every 
capacity. "It would be hard to overestimate the value 
of his services or exaggerate the greatness of the loss 
the parish sustained in his death." 

The parish has for some years carried on a school at 
Wellington. It was organized by the Rev. A. B. Moore- 
house and Miss E. M. W. Andrews, and commenced 
November 5, 1893, the classes being held in the houses 
of the teachers, five in number. In April, 1894, these 
classes met in Amaranth Hall, with Mr. Fred H. 
Fletcher, superintendent, and the school has continued 
to meet there, except during the summer months. The 
present superintendent is Mr. Chas. F. Weeks, Miss 
Andrews being secretary and treasurer. The expenses 
are met by some half-dozen residents and the weekly 
offerings. About the time the school was organized 
the Rev. A. B. Moorehouse started services which were 
held in the home of Mrs. Kendall, and these services 
have been continued at intervals in Amaranth Hall by 
Rev. E. P. Lee of West Somerville and the Rev. F. I. 


A church cannot be considered a place of rest ; the 
love of labor and self-sacrifice are essential attributes of 
the Christian character. The methods for the exercise 


of these qualities have changed from time to time, but at 
every period the church has sought not only to be a 
place of worship, but a centre of missionary and philan- 
thropic activity. In 1S72 this work was organized into a 
society known as the Parochial Helpers, and the interests 
of the church placed in the hands of committees of five 
departments : — 

1. Of ministering to the sick and needy. 

2. Of church extension and Christian courtesy. 

3. The missionary circle. 

4. Of the care of the altar and vestry room. 

5. Of church decoration. "To beautify the place of my sanc- 

Fifteen years later an organization known as the 
Guild came into existence, which sought to foster the 
social interests of the parish and to promote various 
forms of religious activity. Later still, the missionary 
spirit gained ascendancy, and the parish branch of the 
Woman's Auxiliary to the board of missons were active 
in every kind of mission work. In 1898 the present 
organization, known as Grace Church Guild, united all 
the various interests of the parish into one body and 
divided the work into various committees, which report 
at monthly general meetings. These divisions are called 
chapters ; they are eight in number, as follows : ■ — 

Woman's Auxiliary 7 . — Warden, Mrs. C. E. Kummer, 119 For- 
est Street. 

Charity.— Warden, Mrs. E. D. Manning, 37 Forest Street. 

Vestments. — -Warden, Mrs. Richard Diebold, 51 Prescott 

Sewing. — Warden, Mrs. Benj. P. Hollis, 10 Ashland Place. 

Ecclesiastical Embroidery. — Warden, Mrs. Harry Highley, 
Highland Avenue. 

Altar Guild.— Warden, Mrs. J. W. Foster, 180 High Street. 

Church Periodical. — Warden, Miss Samson, 119 Woburn 

Girls' Club. — Warden, Miss Samson, 119 Woburn Street. 

Officers. — President, the Rector; Vice-presidents, Mrs. Charles 
B. Crockett, 43 Water Street; Mrs. Fred L. Godding, 210 Main 
Street; Secretary, Mrs. F. I. Paradise, 185 High Street; Treas- 
urer, Mrs. E. D. Manning, 37 Forest Street. 


In the words of the rector: "It is the aim of the 
Guild to include every form of church interest and 
activity. It has raised large sums for the work of the 
parish. It has improved and beautified the church 
fabric. It has contributed liberally to local parochial 
charities and has given both money and labor to the 
general missions of the church. The spirit which ani- 
mates the Guild is the spirit of service. Its aim is to 
make the church a power for good in the community, 
and a helper in the Christian movement of the world. 
The forms of its organization will change in the future 
as in the past, but the spirit of service will, we believe, 











In 1892 the number of communicants was 115 

11 i897 11 " n » » 2 °° 

„ 1901 „ " „ „ „ 2S6 

The reports of the parish, as given in the Convention 
Journals for the last four years, are as follows : 

Total expenditures for 1897 $3,171.06 

189S 4,458.oS 

1899 4>3 2 °-5 I 

l 9°° 5» I 3 2 -75 

Baptisms: Infants, 7; adults, 3; total, 10. Confirmations, 7; 
marriages, 8; burials, 6. Communicants: Admitted, 7; received, 
25 ; removed, 45 ; present number, 286. Sunday-school : Officers 
and teachers, 17; pupils, 130; total, 147. Sittings, 259, rented. 
Services are supported by endowment, pew rents and envelope 


Phineas Capen Feb. 15, 1848, to April 1, 1S50 

Nathanial Tracy April 1, 1850, to July iS, 1S59 

Geo. D. Porter April 26, 1S60, to Nov. 1S61 

L. F. Botsford April 22, 1862, to April 29, 1S67 

J. P. Tarbell April 29, 1S67, to April 13, 1S6S 

James Hedenberg .... April 13, 1S68, to April 1, 1S72 
Chas. B. Crockett .... April 1, 1872, to April 22, 1S7S 

Benj. P. Hollis April 22, 1S7S, to April 14, 1S79 

Jno. B. Folger ....'. April 14, 1879, to April 10, 1SS2 

FredM. Tilden April 10, 1882, to April 6, 1SS5 

William I. Parker .... April 6, 1SS5, to April 11, 1SS7 
Allison M. Stickney . . . April 11, 1S87, to April 15, 1S95 
Fred L. Godding .... April 15, 1S95, 

44 [April, 


Mrs. Matilda T. Haskins, an honored member of this 
society, died at Providence, R. I., December 8, 1901. 
She was born in Medford nearly eighty years ago, being 
the daughter of the well-known Galen James. She was 
a life-long resident of this city. In her death there is a 
distinct loss to this community which she loved, to the 
church which she served and honored, and to this society, 
of which she was an early member, and in whose work 
she was deeply interested. 

We desire to hereby place on record our expression 
of sorrow for her removal from us, our high regard for 
her character, so pure and lofty, and our sense of loss to 
this organization. 

March i, 1902. 


The committee appointed to prepare resolutions in 
memory of the late John Ward Dean would respectfully 
report the following : — 

Again death has invaded our ranks and has taken the 
Nestor of the society. John Ward Dean was a charter 
member and was much interested in the organization of 
the Medford Historical Society, though he was more 
than four score years at that time. He was born in 
Wiscasset, Me., March 13, 181 5, and died in Medford, 
January 22, 1902. As a member of the Committee on 
Papers and Addresses he made many important sugges- 

Mr. Dean will be known and remembered mainly by 
his connection with the New England Historic Genea- 
logical Society, Boston, in which he was actively inter- 
ested for more than fifty years. He filled different 



1902.] JOHN WARD DEAN. 45 

positions in that society. For twenty-nine years he was 
librarian and editor of the Genealogical Register, the 
quarterly magazine published by the society, and for 
forty-eight years was on the Committee on Publications. 
He was a charter member of the Prince Society, organ- 
ized in 1S5S, whose object was the publication of rare 
manuscripts relating to early New England history, and 
was its president for ten years. He was an honorary 
or corresponding member in more than twenty- five His- 
torical Societies in this country or in Europe. 

From his boyhood Mr. Dean was greatly interested in 
American history and became a student of early New 
England history and a pioneer among those earnest 
and enthusiastic workers in investigating the history 
and genealogy of the early New England families, and 
in the effort to have them written up and published, and 
thus put into permanent form. Previous to his time 
such works were largely based on tradition, but he did 
much to promote that careful and painstaking investiga- 
tion that is the true basis of history. He was not a man 
of affairs, and took no part in the struggle for wealth 
and power, but in his special line he was unsurpassed 
by any one living or dead. He was of a genial and 
kindly disposition, and with a remarkable memory he 
was ever ready to lend a helping hand to all seeking his 

Resolved, That in the death of our honored associate, 
John Ward Dean, the Medford Historical Society has 
lost a most loyal and devoted member, and the city of 
Medford a citizen of the highest character. 

Resolved, That the students of early New England 
history have met with an irreparable loss in the death 
of one who was not only a tireless and indefatigable 
worker in his special line, but inspired others with cour- 
age to undertake and carry out important historical in- 

Resolved, That this society extends its sympathy to 

46 JAMES \V. TUFTS. [April, 

his family in its bereavement, and that a copy of these 
resolutions be sent them and to the Medford papers for 



February 17, 1902. ' 


In the death of Mr. James W. Tufts at Pinehurst, 
N. C, February 2, the Historical Society, together with 
Medford and Boston, has lost a man whose departure 
will be deeply mourned. His quiet and reserve may 
have kept him from the wide acquaintance he deserved, 
but 1 those who knew his worth of character and the 
modest goodness of his life sorrow that they will see his 
face no more. 

Mr. Tufts' active life in affairs began in Somerville, 
but early he came to Medford, where he continued as 
a druggist until he entered upon the larger business 
which, by his untiring industry, and by his sagacity 
and signal ability in management, made him one of the 
most successful men of his time, whose enterprise has 
contributed to the good of others. 

For the good of others entered into his scheme of life. 
He w r as not one who lived to himself alone. But in this, 
as in his business, he was a man of practical mind. It 
was characteristic of him that he cared only for such 
methods of helping others as would enable them to help 
themselves. One of the charities that deeply interested 
him was the North End Union in Boston, where habits 
of industry were taught, and where boys from the ranks 
ot labor could attain skill in their occupations. He tried 
also to improve the condition of the poor by building a 
model tenement house in Boston, and it was to him a 
source of regret that it did not find a better response 
from those he wished to serve. The large enterprise at 

1902.] SOCIETY NOTES. 47 

Pinehurst was inaugurated with the end in view of es- 
tablishing a place under the most favorable conditions, 
where those suffering from ill-health could escape our 
severe winters and restore their strength at moderate 
cost. In this he was eminently successful. Those 
familiar with it, who shared in the good he planned to 
do, speak of it in the highest terms. And by no means 
the least of the good was his genial personality, which 
made the place brighter for those who came to it. 

There is left to us the delightful memory of a man of 
pure character and noble purpose, who used his oppor- 
tunities for the worthiest ends; a friend of all that is 
good, a lover of his kind, he has made the world better, 
and too early, as we think, he has passed from this 
earthly scene which needs such to forward its highest 



February 17, 1902. 


The miniature poster at the head of Mr. Hollis' paper 
on Grace Church is a reproduction of the first call for a 
meeting of the Episcopalians in Medford. 

The u Saturday Evening Course " of the society has 
proved very interesting, and good-sized audiences have 
greeted the speakers. Mr. F. M. Hawes of Somerville 
spoke on the " Lyric Poetry of the Revolution " on Jan- 
uary 4, and was assisted by a double quartet, which 
added much to the interest in Mr. Hawes' remarks. 
Mr. Rosewell B. Lawrence explained " The Relation of 
Medford to the Metropolitan Park System " on February 
1. He gave a most comprehensive sketch of the incep- 
tion and development of the Metropolitan Park System 
in the vicinity of Boston, March i. Mr. David H. Brown 
surprised his hearers with a most interesting talk on 
" Genealogy." 




For the Year ending March, 1903. 

President. * 





Recording Secretary. Corresponding Secretary. 


Standing (Committers, 

Helen T. Wild, Chairman. George S. T. Fuller. 

David H. Brown. H. A. Weitz. 

C. H. Loomis. Moses W. Mann. 


Rosewell B.Lawrence, Chairman. Walter F. Gushing. 
John H. Hooper. Frank W. Lovering. 

Mrs. Ellen M. Gill. Lily B. Atherton. 

Calvin H. Clark. C. B. Gleason. 

Jessie M. Dinsmore. E. D. Brown. 

Papers and Addresses. 
David H. Brown, Chairman. John H. Hooper. 

Walter H. Cushing. William Cushing Wait. 

Charles H. Morss. Miss Agnes W. Lincoln. 

Historic Sites. 
L. L. Dame, Chairman. Miss Ella L. Burbank. 

L. J. Manning. Mrs. J. M. G. Plummer. 

Miss Hetty F. Wait. Moses W. Mann. 

Samuel Cushing. 


Geo. S. Delano, Chairman. David H. Brown. 

Miss Helen T. Wild. Miss Hetty F. Wait. 

Miss Ella S. Hinckley. Gilbert Hodges. 

Miss Eliza M. Gill. Frederick H. Kidder. 


Benjamin P. Hollis, Chairman. Wm. F. Kingman. 
F. H. C. Woolley. Chas. H. Dunham. 

Dr. J. Hedenberg. 

Library and Collection. 
Miss A. W. Lincoln, Chairman. Benj. F. Fenton. 
Miss M. E. Sargent. Geo. S. Delano. 

Miss Ella A. Leighton. Wm. Cushing Wait. 

Miss Katharine H. Stone. Horace D. Hall. 

Abijah Thompson. Francis A. Wait. 





The Medford Historical Register. 

Vol. V. JULY, 1902. No. 3. 


By Herbert A. Weitz. 

[Address substantially as delivered before the Medford Historical Society, April ax, 1902. J 

AMIDST the clamor, the hurly-burly, the vicissitudes 
of life, we not infrequently pause, momentarily, 
perhaps, yet reverently, to wander through the paths of 
the past, to go back to the mansions of the dead, to the 
shades of the cypress and the willow, to the broken 
tombstones and obscure epitaphs, to partial histories, 
scanty traditions and forgotten memories. 

The Pilgrims of Plymouth, the austere Puritans of 
Salem, came to the shores of Massachusetts for civil 
and religious liberty, bringing with them as their inheri- 
tance and birthright the Common Law ; yet there was 
no profession which they and their successors for genera- 
tions viewed with less respect, importance and esteem 
than the profession of the law. They were remarkable 
and peculiar men, and their laws were equally so. They 
were, however, ardent lovers of law and justice, and 
firmly, fearlessly maintained their rights. Notwithstand- 
ing their distinguished qualities, great piety and active 
virtues, that inherent litigious spirit of the English race 
was a notorious feature of those early times. Their law 
was sumptuary and tinged with bigotry — a peculiar 
judicial procedure, administered by a multitude of un- 
trained judges, occupying many other official positions 
at the same time, and with no lawyers — for each man 
pleaded his own cause — giving a singular and compli- 
cated character to the prevailing conditions of practice. 
Such conditions existed for the greater part of the 
eighteenth century. Hence the law as a profession 
was slow of establishment, lawyers were not wanted, and 


did not exist, as it was held objectionable that lawyers 
should direct men in their causes. Men in all callings, 
and particularly the clergy, meddled and dabbled with 
the law's administration. 

The Court House was an early necessity, and was as 
easy of access to all as were the House of Correction, the 
stocks and the schools. Beside the meeting-house was 
the whipping post ; in the market-place was the stocks. 
The dealing out of justice was rough and substantial, 
though direct and effective. 

When we remember the fate of Thomas Lechford, 
who seems to have been the first lawyer- in Massachu- 
setts, it is with a feeling of trepidation that we seek for 
his successors for many years after. 

" I am kept," wrote Lechford, " from the sacrament, 
and all places of preferment in the Commonwealth, and 
forced to get my living by writing petty things, which 
scarce finds me bread, and therefore I sometimes look 
to planting corn, but have not yet here an house of my 
own to put my head in or any stock going." 

It was not until the last quarter of the eighteenth 
century that law as a profession offered any inducement 
to men of learning and ability and that the dominant 
prejudice was overcome. About 1768 there were about 
twenty-five lawyers in Massachusetts ; they were clus- 
tered at the larger and more thickly populated localities. 
Many of the surrounding towns were, until compara- 
tively recent times, without lawyers. 

We look upon those distant and early days with a 
pitying estimate, a tender compassion, on account of 
the narrowness, ignorance and demoralizing customs 
then existing, yet, then were formed the elements of a 
national character, and of a great Commonwealth, with 
an unexcelled system of jurisprudence — a profession, 
within the circle of which the halo of fame surrounds 
many names commanding our admiration, stirring our 
enthusiasm and exciting our sober approbation quite as 
much as any military or naval glory. 


Dr. Johnson observed, " History may be formed from 
monuments and records, but lives can only be written 
from personal knowledge, which is growing every day 
less, and in a short time is lost forever. What is known 
can seldom be immediately told, and when it might be 
I told, it is no longer known." 

The labors of a lawyer are of such a nature as to 
attract but little attention. The daily business of life is 
his concern, and his deeds, and even his name, often pass 
away and are forgotten, like the " production of the 
seasons on which we subsist." 

I 4t Like shadows gliding o'er the plain, 

Or clouds that roll successive on, 
Man's busy generations pass, 

And as we gaze their forms are gone." 

The people of Medford in early times were their own 
lawyers. For about a century and a half there were no 
resident lawyers, and not until after 1800 did the first 
lawyer come to Medford. He was one of the most 
eminent and distinguished men of Massachusetts, and 
probably the most distinguished lawyer who ever lived 
in Medford. 

Hon. Timothy Bigelow has left a great name — a 
learned and distinguished lawyer, patriot, statesman. 
His life was well spent in the honorable labors, a life 
devoted to the benefit of his fellowmen and in all the 
private and public demands of duty. His father, Col. 
Timothy Bigelow, was actively engaged in the early 
movements of the Revolution. The son joined the 
father, and was with him during the Rhode Island 
campaign, but the colonel was ordered South, and the 
son returned home to his books, and to the aid of his 
mother, upon whom fell the care of the family, occasioned 
by the absence of the patriot father. 

Timothy Bigelow, Esq., son of Col. Timothy and 
Anna (Andrews) Bigelow, was born in Worcester, April 
30, 1767. His early life was therefore passed in that 


great early struggle for life through which this country 
successfully emerged. His elementary education was in 
the public schools of his native town ; but the perils of 
war suspending school operations, he entered the office 
of Isaiah Thomas, proprietor of the famous Spy. His 
passion for books and strong love of literature were 
manifested during his employment on the press by his 
devotion of leisure hours to the acquisition of the 
elementary branches of English and the rudiments of 
Latin. In 1778 he was put under the charge of the 
Rev. Joseph Pope of Spencer, but a year later found 
him with his father in the Continental army, being 
then only twelve years old, and too young to perform a 
soldier's duty. On his return he was in the office of 
Benjamin Lincoln, and was later placed under the tuition 
of Samuel Dexter, who prepared him for admission to 
Harvard University, which he entered in 1782, gradu- 
ating with high honors in the class of 1786. He entered 
at once upon the study of the law in the office of Levi 
Lincoln, Esq., and was admitted to the bar in 1789. 
He commenced practice in Groton, where he became 
acquainted with and married, September 30, 1791, 
Lucy, daughter of Hon. Oliver and Lydia (Baldwin). 
Prescott. It is said he sat in his office six weeks with- 
out taking a fee, and then received a pistareen. Mr. 
Bigelow was endowed with ready apprehension, and an 
active and inquisitive mind, gathering knowledge with 
remarkable facility, exact method and system, thus en- 
abling him to compass a vast amount of reading. He 
soon acquired a wide reputation and a large practice in 
Middlesex, Suffolk, Essex and Worcester counties, and 
in New Hampshire. Samuel Dana, Jr., another noted 
lawyer, and Mr. Bigelow became the leaders of the 
Middlesex bar. They were retained in the most impor- 
tant cases of the neighborhood, and were generally on 
opposite sides. In politics, as well as at the bar, they 
were pitted against each other, but in social life they 
were the best of friends. Mr. Bigelow was a prominent 


Federalist, and took an active part in politics. He 
became a member of the Massachusetts House of Rep- 
resentatives in 1793 from Groton, and later from Med- 
ford. Continuously to his death, in 182 1, he was a 
member of the Legislature. In 1806 he removed to 
Medtord. He was Speaker of the House for thirteen 
years, which place he filled with marked ability and 
popularity, having the longest term of service in that 
capacity ever held by any one person. He held this 
position in 18 19, when the act was passed separating 
the District of Maine from the State of Massachusetts, 
and was consequently the last speaker of the united 
legislature of the district and the Commonwealth. 
Together with George Cabot, William Prescott and 
Harrison Gray Otis, Mr. Bigelow represented Boston in 
that famous political assembly in 18 14 known as the 
Hartford Convention. 

Amid the engrossing duties of his profession, and dur- 
ing thirty-two years of his practice, and though arguing 
more cases than any one of the profession in New- 
England, Mr. Bigelow still found time for occasional 
literary work. A few printed orations are all that inform 
the present day of the clear reason, strong logic and 
fervid eloquence which marked the advocate and politi- 
cian and rendered his control over juries and popular 
gatherings almost unbounded. He delivered the Phi 
Beta Kappa oration at Cambridge, July 21, 1796; a 
funeral oration on Samuel Dana before the Masonic 
Lodge at Amherst, N. H., April 4, 1798. His exordium 
on the immortality of the soul in this oration is worthy 
of a divine. He delivered a eulogy on Washington 
before the Columbian Lodge of Masons at Boston, 
February 11, 1800, and it is perhaps one of the best 
specimens of political spirit in that burning period. 
Mr. Bigelow was identified with the Masonic fraternity 
in Massachusetts, over which he presided with signal 
ability during two triennial terms. He was a member 
of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, vice- 

54 LA WYERS OF MED FORD. [}u\y, 

president of the American Antiquarian Society, and one 
of the founders of the Groton Academy, and a member 
of many literary and scientific societies. 

After an eventful and remarkable career, as a repre- 
sentative, senator, and member of the executive council, 
occupying many positions of trust and honor; sustain- 
ing an eminent position at the bar and in politics, always 
maintaining an unspotted reputation for integrity, ability 
and honesty ; distinguished for genius and beloved by 
his fellow-men, he died at his mansion in Medford, May 
18, 182 1, at the age of fifty-four years. 

Mr. Bigelow's figure was tall, and courtesy graced his 
manners ; his social spirit made his mansion the seat of 
hospitality, where were exhibited domestic virtues ren- 
dering his society as desirable as his public career was 
eminent. A fluent speaker, earnest, eloquent and sound, 
he was well versed in his profession, enjoying the repu- 
tation of a good scholar and possessing the nobler merit 
of high moral and religious principles. Having explored 
every branch of liberal science, he was peculiarly con- 
versant with theology, and rested on the scripture truth 
as the basis of faith and the guide of practice. With 
rare colloquial talents he freely poured forth the stores 
of diversified information and the treasures of retentive 
memory, enlivened by illustrative anecdotes and a vein 
of sparkling humor. His eminence at the bar made his 
office a place of resort for students, and many distin- 
guished men received their early instruction and impulse 
in his office. 

The Massachusetts Centinel of May 19, 1821, said of 
him : "Amply as this distinguished statesman and patriot 
filled his public offices, he was equally pre-eminent for 
the discharge of all the duties of a provident father, 
a kind husband, a hospitable neighbor, a liberal and 
enlightened Christian, and last — not least — a constant 
and sincere friend. He saw nothing in futurity to make 
a change to be dreaded. Conscious as he must have 
been that his progress had been that of integrity, honor 


and usefulness, he must have contemplated in them the 
Path; in his few though severe bodily sufferings, the 
Price, and in his anticipated transitions from this to a 
better world, the ' Proof of sublime immortality.' " 

So lived and passed the Hon. Timothy Bigelow, 
whose life and service may well be remembered by the 
people of Medford and the Commonwealth, and perpetu- 
ated in history as an example worthy of the highest 

On May i, 1820, a town meeting was called to select 
a representative. Timothy Bigelow was elected. The 
old town records read : " Mr. Bigelow then rose and 
thanked the town for the honor they did him by this 
renewed and unanimous expression of their confidence 
in again electing him for their representative, then 
adverting to the length of time he had been employed 
in the counsels of the Commonwealth, the state of his 
health, and his advancing years, he begged leave to 
decline serving in the office just conferred upon him. 
Whereupon it was voted unanimously that the thanks 
of the town be tendered to Mr. Bigelow for his services 
as their representative for a number of years past." 

Abner Bartlett was thereupon elected in his place. 
Abner Bartlett seems to have been, from what insuffi- 
cient glimpses I have been able to get of him, an original 
character, a plain man, but rich in what are called 
ordinary virtues. 

Abner Bartlett, Esq.', was born at Plymouth, January 
1, 1776, son of Abner and Anna (Hovey) Bartlett. He 
was a descendant of Robert Bartlett, who came to 
Plymouth in the "Ann" in 1623. Mr. Bartlett, after 
graduating at Harvard University in 1799, began the 
study of law and was admitted to the Middlesex bar. 
He married Sarah Burgess and settled in Medford. At 
the bar his speech was rough, his manner hesitating, 
and his words forcible and emphatic. He had a singu- 
lar habit, for which he was ever remembered ; it created 


fun for the boys, and was a source of silent amusement 
for the older; whether he was pleading his case in court, 
or strolling along the streets, there ever emanated from 
him a succession of grunts, which have been described 
to me as similar to a " bark " or " growl." 

Mr. Bartlett, or " Squire " Bartlett, as was the fashion 
to call him, was at one time the only lawyer in Medford. 
He was indeed a typical and eccentric character. 

He was not only lawyer, but also trial justice, a man 
of an unquestioned character and of considerable pro- 
fessional learning, and the conveyancer of the town. 
The townspeople had. great faith and confidence in him. 
Faithful and thoroughly honest, he pursued his profes- 
sion in Medford, occupying a little front room in that 
building next to the bank, now used by the city. His 
office was often the place of meeting of his many friends 
who congregated to discuss the town affairs and other 
matters of interest. When he held court, the boys would 
peek into his court-room in wonder and curiosity. There 
are yet living a few who remember well the curiosity 
with which they followed the movements of " Squire 
Bartlett " and played jokes on him. He lived next to 
the Unitarian Church. The school yard was in close 
proximity to his orchard, and many the dissertation on 
law the old " Squire " delivered to the school boys for 
having a fondness for his apples. 

He was somewhat of a sportsman and fond of rabbits, 
and always ready to purchase them from the boys. He 
hung them up on nails by their tails in his office until 
they became " seasoned and gamy," and would drop 
from the nail, and would often strut up the street to his 
home with two or three rabbits well seasoned, for his 
table. Many are the tales told of the " old Squire," as 
he was remembered in his later days. He was a good 
scholar, and could quote his Latin with anyone. 

Brooks writes : " Among the inhabitants of Medford, 
there has not probably been a man who has served the 
town in so many and responsible offices as this gentle- 


man. He was not made for a leader; he had not that 
kind of force, but left the race to those who coveted 
laurels. He was a faithful member of the church, and 
. all but revelled in spiritual disquisitions. As a neighbor 
he was most friendly, as a critic most caustic, and as a 
wit most ready." 

He was a member of the House of Representatives 
from Plymouth, and later from Medford. He was for 
many years moderator of town meetings, being from 
1808 to the time of his death active in town affairs. 
He died September 3, 1850, aged seventy-four years. 

Jonathan Porter, a contemporary of Bartlett, was a 
gentleman of distinguished and liberal acquirements. 

Jonathan Porter, son of Jonathan and Phebe (Abbot) 
Porter, was born, in Medford, November 13, 1791. The 
stoiy of his life is interesting, notable, elevating, and its 
closing chapter portrays to us some of the most brilliant 
and noble qualities of man. 

He received his early education at the local schools, 
and entered the business of his father. He had no taste 
for mercantile pursuits, however, and very early in life 
exhibited a fondness for books and study. He there- 
fore, when seventeen years old, prepared for college at a 
private school kept by Dr. John Hosmer of Medford, 
and entered Harvard in 1810, from which he graduated 
with the highest honors in the class of 18 14. Many of 
his classmates became men of eminence, and, though he 
was a confirmed invalid for many years before his death, 
his home was the rendezvous of the eminent associates 
of his college and professional life. His generous and 
manly bearing in the emulous contests of the literary 
arena won for him the esteem and friendship of his 
classmates, which continued to the close of his life and 
cheered the many long years of his feebleness and con- 
finement He chose the law for a profession, and studied 
with Hon. Luther Lawrence and Hon. Asahel Stearns, 
both having been students in the office of Hon. Timothy 


Bigclow. He soon acquired an accurate knowledge of 
law and sound professional ethics, was admitted to the 
Middlesex Bar in 1817, and practiced in both Medford 
and Boston. His intellectual endowments were well 
suited to the study of the law as a science. His mind was 
acute, discriminating and logical, and his memory was 
retentive and ready. He read much, and his legal learn- 
ing was accurate and extensive. He had a large prac- 
tice, and argued cases before the Supreme Court with 
great ability and success ; but, being a scholar, fond of 
books, study and retirement, and having no fondness for 
the turmoil and strife, the " pert dispute and babbling 
hall " of professional practice, he never took the high 
rank as a lawyer which his attainments in other respects 
seemed to warrant. In his professional and private life 
he was just and upright, his principles and practice were 
pure, elevated and honorable. In 1822 he delivered the 
Phi Beta Kappa oration at Cambridge. About this time 
his health began to fail, and the oration was delivered 
under much bodily weakness and suffering. In 1S30 
the infirmity which had overtaken him became alarming. 
He passed the summer in Europe, but his disease — a 
spinal affection — never improved, and finally reduced 
him to the condition of a helpless invalid. He made an 
unsuccessful attempt, on his return from Europe, to 
resume the practice of law, but was compelled to settle 
down in the conviction that there was no prospect of 
his restoration to health. He therefore resigned himself 
to the care of his family, and his patience and resigna- 
tion were the triumphs of an abiding Christian. He 
was particularly fond of Greek literature and history, he 
reverenced Christianity, and had a firm belief in the 
Christian scriptures as a divine revelation. His manners 
were simple, unassuming and courteous, and his feelings 
were liberal, social and obliging. He occupied various 
official positions in the town previous to his infirmity. 
He married, July 22, 1823, Catherine, daughter of Samuel 
and Anna (Orne) Gray of Medford. On June 11, 1859, 


he passed from the stage of human action, aged sixty- 

As has been well said, " the history of man and human 
progress is a story of sacrifice, devotion and self-denial. 
As we look down the ages and let pass before the view 
the toils and the struggles, the failures and the successes, 
the lights and the shades of human character and efforts, 
and, above all, when we look into our own souls and try 
to square ambition with achievement, desire with con- 
summation, hope with possibility — aye, all the contra- 
dictions and paradoxes of contest and aspiration — we 
rise from the contemplation with the conviction that 
through all these there is a higher destiny." 

The brilliancy of intellect, of character and ability of 
Jonathan Porter were exemplified in his son, George 
Doane Porter, who was born in Medford, June 21, 1S31. 
Young, and with a bright career before him, he was, 
when comparatively only a young man, carried off by 
that terror of the New England climate, consumption. 
He was fitted for college by his father, Jonathan Porter, 
and graduated at Harvard University in 1851. He took 
up the study of law with William Brigham, and was 
admitted to the bar in Boston, June, 1854. He prac- 
ticed both in Medford and Boston, and after a while in 
Medford alone. I am informed that he was a man of 
splendid character, and always honorable, well read in 
the law and thorough in the preparation and earnest in 
the presentation of his cases. He was a quiet, thought- 
ful lawyer in the argument of his cases, and generally 

He married Lucretia A. Holland of Medford, August 
8, i860, and died November 25, 1861, aged thirty. He 
lived a manly, useful life, and his simple nature, sound 
sense and abundant humor are still fresh in the memories 
of those who were his associates and who yet survive 

Sanford B. Perry was born September 20, 181 9, in 


Leicester, Vt, and came to Medford in 1845. He lived 
and practiced in Medford but a short time, yet he at- 
tained considerable prominence in the town and state as 
a politician. 

Mr. Perry had considerable practice, which was largely 
conveyancing and collecting. He was, however, a man 
of ability, and early secured the confidence of the people. 
He was a prominent Whig, and his contributions to the 
news sheets of the time on political affairs were favorably 
received by the people. He was a man of commanding 
presence. Though not a college man, he was well 
educated and became very popular and active in town 
affairs. Elected to the school board in 1847, which 
position he filled for five years, his broad and progressive 
views soon overcame the narrow ideas of his associates, 
and compelled them to adopt a more liberal policy than 
they had ever dared to adopt before. He was in the 
Massachusetts Senate in 1853. He had offices in the 
Turrel Tufts house, and in the railroad building soon 
after it was erected. He married Miss Barr of Ipswich, 
N. H., in 1847. In 1856 he went to Chicago, 111., where 
he died September 12, 1884. 

Elihu Church Baker was born August 2, 1825, in 
Campton, N. H. He was an ardent politician, con- 
nected with the " Know-Nothing Party," and always 
more or less prominent in the political arena. He 
began life as a merchant, but this being distasteful to 
him, he studied law and was admitted to the Suffolk 
bar January 17, 1854. In the early stages of the Rebel- 
lion he was a war Democrat, turned into the Copper- 
head wing of the Democratic party, and supported 
McClellan. He was an eloquent, finished speaker, an 
able man, but not thoroughly grounded in legal princi- 
ples or well read in elementary matters. He w r as a 
successful criminal lawyer. Being well read in general 
literature and a good story-teller, he was always a com- 
panionable man. He was very nervous. He became 


moderator, representative, and a member of the Mas- 
sachusetts Senate in 1855-56, of which he became 
president in 1856. He was distinguished by his bril- 
liancy as a presiding officer. His ability in this capacity 
is one of the foremost and distinguished facts which 
those who remember him relate. He was of the firm 
of Baker and Sullivan, and later of Baker, Sullivan & 
Hayes. He removed to Darlington, South Carolina, 
' where he became Judge of Probate of Darlington 
County, and died in that place December 6, 1887. 

Charles Russell was born in Plymouth in July, 1835, 
admitted to the bar in 1858, and practiced in Medford a 
number of years. He occupied many of the town offices. 
He was a lawyer of military tastes, " who believed in 
making rain with repeated discharges of cannons, and 
raising dead bodies out of ponds in which there were 
none by the same process." He was the first captain 
of the Magoun Battery, and enlisted with the 5th Mas- 
sachusetts in '61. As a lawyer he did not attain much 
prominence. He died April 21, 1879. 

Distinguished among the peerless knights of law, 
learning and oratory, John Quincy Adams Griffin was 
one of the ablest of his time. He was born July 8, 1826, 
in Londonderry, N. H. When he was very young, his 
family removed to Pelham, w T here he received his rudi- 
mentary education, and lived until 1844, when he re- 
moved to Groton. He prepared for college at Groton 
Academy, and entered Amherst College in 1846, but 
discontinued after a year and returned to Groton. He 
said in later life that he remained there " as long as they 
could teach him anything." He then began the study 
of law in the office of George Frederick Farley, and was 
admitted to the Middlesex bar in October, 1849. 

In 1848, Mr. Griffin, though a young man, took a 
prominent part on the side of the Free Soil party, both 
as a speaker, writer and editor of a Free Soil paper. 
In 1850 he removed to Charlestown and began the 


practice of his profession, and was city solicitor four or 
five years. In 1S59 he removed to Maiden, and shortly 
after to Medford. While in Charlestown, in 1854, his 
strenuous opposition to the act of the Legislature con- 
solidating Boston and Charlestown, brought the matter 
to the Supreme Court, where it was pronounced uncon- 
stitutional. He was a representative from both Charles- 
town and Maiden. 

Mr. Griffin was one of the brightest and ablest mem- 
bers of the bar, a master of sarcasm, and was at his best 
in satire, wit and raillery. He was associated with 
William St. Agnan Stearns for many years, and to the 
time of his death. Whether at the bar, the rostrum or 
in the Legislature, his magnetism of personality, deep, 
sonorous voice, deliberate manner and incisive and logi- 
cal speech commanded the respect and attention of all. 
He always intermixed the trial of his cause with jokes, 
even sometimes hazarding verdict and friends; and this, 
coupled with his sarcasm, clear logic, keen, brilliant wit 
and eloquence, caused much discomfiture to his oppo- 
nent, and made him a wily, dangerous adversary at the 
bar. The more difficult and intricate his case, the 
sharper became his intellect and the more terrible his 
weapons of battle. Distinguished as a jury advocate, he 
was entitled to standing with Butler, Sidney Bartlett, 
E. Rockwood Hoar or Josiah Abbott. 

He was appointed Clerk of the Courts for Middlesex, 
but he was like a " bound gladiator " and longed for the 
excitement of the forum. He occupied the position 
about a month, and said " that if he stayed in the posi- 
tion another month he should have gone crazy." 

Many and severe were the clashes between Butler, 
Somerby and Griffin. Griffin once wrote an article 
entitled a " Portrait of Butler by a House Painter," in 
the Bunker Hill Aurora, for which Butler never for- 
gave him. 

There was never any obsequiousness about Griffin. 
He detested formality or subordinacy, and was rather 

i 9 o2.] LA WYERS OF MEDFORD. 63 

trenchant, which caused the displeasure of the court. 
He was an omnivorous reader, especially in law. He 
had a large practice, but was a poor collector. He was 
retained in many well-known cases, among which was 
the defence of George T. Bailey for the murder of young 
Converse ; the petitions of Edward Everett for damages 
for destruction of the " peep flats," and the famous Count 
Johanni litigation, Commonwealth vs. Green, etc. 

Griffin took an important and earnest part in revising 
and remodelling the Courts of the Commonwealth ; and 
the practice in vogue now is due largely to him. 

He was of about medium height, stooped a little, and 
was slim, although not apparently so because of his 
massive head. Above his gold-bowed spectacles arose 
a square, perpendicular forehead, from which his dark 
hair stood up straight and thick. He was neither ele- 
gant nor classical, but his mind was quick and strong. 

He married, May i, 1852, Sarah Elizabeth Wood of 
Concord, and died at his home in Medford, May 22, 
1866, of consumption. He went to Cuba for his health, 
but died soon after his return. Though cut off in the 
full promise of an eminent career, he will ever stand 
conspicuous and prominent among the men of his 
memorable generation. 

His domestic life was sublime; his children were the 
delight of his eye. His will was singular, where he pays 
tribute to his wife and family ; he then wrote concerning 
the settlement of his estate: " Let great care and caution 
be exercised, particularly in respect of the bills of deputy 
sheriffs and constables, whose charges were so often 
most exorbitant and not infrequently made to me when 
I have distinctly marked the processes committed to them 
in such a manner as to notify them that I would not be 
responsible for officers' fees." 

When the Hon. Justice John W. Pettengill was a 
student in Mr, Griffin's office, Mr. Griffin told him to 
" Stop Blackstone and read the statutes regarding offi- 
cers' charges. Fight them and I will back you up." 


He classified the sheriffs and constables as robbers and 
44 Shylocks who could out-Shylock Shyloek." 

The Transcript of May 23, 1866, paid the following 
tribute to Mr. Griffin : " The death of John Q. A. Griffin 
will create quite a void in Republican circles in this 
state. He had for many years been known as a fear- 
less and uncompromising champion of the ideas which 
triumphed in the country by the election of President 
Lincoln. Spurning expediency in politics, he advocated 
the right under all circumstances, and could not be per- 
suaded to give up a jot or tittle of principle for success. 
Always wielding considerable influence in his districts 
and the state at large, this persistent advocacy of what 
he deemed to be true, whether its adherents were in the 
minority or majority, operated to prevent him from 
attaining those national positions which a pliant nature 
would have secured. In our local halls of legislation, 
his clarion voice and emphatic periods were often heard, 
and his power of sarcastic utterance was frequently used 
to scourge the politicians of the North, who would sell 
their birthright for the spoils of office. No man exer- 
cised a greater influence over a Massachusetts Legislat- 
ure than did Mr. Griffin. In the practice of his profession 
as a lawyer, he achieved the most enviable success. His 
life of nearly forty crowded years was well spent, and his 
memory will long be cherished by a large circle of 
friends, among whom are included the most prominent 
men of the country. 

Benjamin F. Hayes, Esq., or "Judge," as he was 
always addressed in later life, was born July 3, 1835, 
in Berwick, Maine. He was the son of Frederick and 
Sarah Hurd Hayes. 

Receiving his early education in Berwick, Lebanon 
Academy, and at New Hampton Literary Institution at 
New Hampton, New Hampshire, he entered Dartmouth 
in 1855 and graduated in 1859. He took up the study 
of law in the office of Wells & Eastman, in Great Falls, 


New Hampshire, and in i860 entered the Harvard Law 
School. He was admitted to the Suffolk bar March 18, 
1 86 1, and when his course in the law school was but 
partially completed. He returned, however, and com- 
pleted his course. He soon after settled in Medford, 
and became associated with Baker & Sullivan, which 
later became Baker, Sullivan & Hayes. Though hav- 
ing an office in Boston, where he had an extensive prac- 
tice, he thoroughly identified himself with his adopted 
town, where he also had a considerable practice. For 
thirty years previous to his death no man took a more 
active part in town affairs than did Mr. Hayes. 

In 1862 he was appointed Trial Justice for Middlesex 
County, and served in that capacity until 1873, when he 
resigned. From 1864 to 1S67 he was Assistant United 
States Assessor under Phineas J. Stone of Charlestown. 

He became a member of the School Board in 1870, 
and chairman of the Board of Water Commissioners 
after the introduction of water into the town. He was 
a representative in 1872-74, and a member of Massa- 
chusetts Senate in 1878-79. In 1892 he was a mem- 
ber of the commission which drafted a city charter, and 
a year later was appointed the first city solicitor, which 
office he held to the time of his death. He was for a 
time captain of the Lawrence Rifles. In 1869 he was 
elected a trustee of Medford Savings Bank, and later 
served this institution in many capacities, and at the time 
of his death was president. 

He married (1) Abbie D wight Stetson of Medford in 
1867, who died in 1869. (2) On November 7, 1876, he 
married Mary Hall, daughter of Judge Thomas S. and 
Lucy (Hall) Harlow of Medford. 

Judge Hayes was both a familiar and well-known 
figure to us all. He discharged his duties as a town 
official with fidelity and ability. He was a Republican, 
and well known in Masonic circles. He died January 
31, 1902, of heart disease, at his home in Medford. It 
being but a short time since his demise, his virtues, 


ability and qualities as a man and lawyer are too well 
known to you for me to reiterate and dwell upon. He 
was a man fond of sport, and in his early days was an 
excellent swordsman and athlete. 

A little over a year ago we paid tribute to the memory 
of one of Medford's most distinguished citizens, Mr. 
Justice Thomas S. Harlow. 

Judge Harlow was born in Castine, Maine, November 
15, 1S12, and was the son of Bradford and Nancy (Stet- 
son) Harlow. After the usual course of study at the 
public schools of his native tow r n, he removed to Med- 
ford in 1831, and there taught school three years, in the 
meantime preparing himself for college. During 1833 
he took charge of the grammar school, and in 1834 
entered Bowdoin College, graduating in 1836. He 
began the study of law in the office of Governor Edward 
Kent of Bangor, where he studied two years, and also 
edited a paper in Dover, Maine. In 1838 he removed 
to Louisville, Kentucky, where he pursued his study of 
law, and was admitted to the bar in 1839. He took up 
the practice of his profession in Paducah, Kentucky, 
where he also became police justice. He again returned 
to Medford in 1842 and established himself permanently 
in the practice of law, practicing in both Boston and 

Judge Harlow married Lucy J., daughter of Ebenezer 
Hall of Medford, November 7, 1843, an d died March 
29, 1901, at his residence in Medford, after a short ill- 
ness. In his youthful days he was an athletic, tall and 
commanding man, which was plainly evident in his later 
days. He often spoke to me of his early days in Ken- 
tucky, and the conditions of practice there at that time. 
In Kentucky, when the judge was there, the lawyers 
rode the circuit on horseback, with the judges, going 
from one county to another, passing through the forests 
in single file — the counties being connected by mere 
pathways. He particularly emphasized the courtesy 
extended to the judges — "a judge should have abed 


to himself while the lawyers took pot luck, the best they 
could find." The judge had many and interesting tales 
of his life in the South. 

Judge Harlow was a better lawyer than he was cred- 
ited to be. He was quiet and reserved and an adept in 
settling his cases out of court. In his later days he was 
much troubled by deafness ; his memory, however, to the 
last was acute, and his mind active and strong. On the 
establishment of the First District Court of East Middle- 
sex in 1870, he was appointed associate justice — the 
precision, form and respect which he commanded while 
presiding in this court were remarkable. He was asso- 
ciated with John A. Bolles in the defence of James 
Hawkins indicted for murder, in which the court re- 
versed the ruling in the famous Peter York case. Both 
cases are reported respectively in 9 Metcalf 93 and 3 
Gray 464. 

He filled many official positions in the town faithfully 
and honorably, and up to the time of his death no one 
w T as more familiar with town affairs — particularly of the 
past — than the judge. He was a very well read man 
and a most pleasant conversationalist ; his learning, keen 
intellect and many anecdotes made him a most desirable 

My sketch would be incomplete were I to omit the 
name of one who was the contemporary of many of 
those I have spoken of. Though not a lawyer, he per- 
formed faithfully all the functions and duties of one. I 
refer to John Sparrell, Esq., who combined the practice 
of law with many other callings. He may perhaps well 
be compared with those of the earlier centuries. He 
served the town as representative, moderator, and in 
many other capacities. He was also trial justice. I am 
informed he made out more deeds than any other man 
in Medford, and his plans — being a surveyor — have 
never been found in error. In surveying he used the 
old time chain. He died respected by all and mourned 
by his fellow townsmen whom he had served so well and 


faithfully. He was born in Scituate, and died in Med- 
ford, March 29, 1876, aged eighty-two years, six months. 

"It is the common lot of men to be born, to live, to 
die, to be forgotten," and it can only be but a short time 
when the few yet with us — their familiar forms and 
congenial countenances — will have disappeared; their 
faint and rapidly fleeting memories will have passed, 
which have so often assisted us over an almost impassa- 
ble gulf, separating the present and past. They only 
can relate to us the life, virtues, abilities and splendid 
excellences of those men of long ago ; men who " were 
honored in their generations and were the glory of their 
times." It is not alone those whose names are sur- 
mounted by the halo of fame, but those also who, although 
not graced by such high distinction, yet who constituted 
the sinew, laid the foundation, created the power and 
made possible that which we now enjoy; who lived, 
labored and passed away, too often without recognition, 
and how soon to be forgotten, but to whom we are in- 
debted and should pay tribute to their memory as well 
as to the leaders, the great or distinguished. They all 
in their various professions and callings, collectively, 
gave rise to that glowing vision imagined by Milton : 
" Methinks I see in my mind a noble and puissant 
nation, arousing herself like a strong man after sleep, 
and shaking her invincible locks. Methinks I see her 
as an eagle mewing her mighty youth, and kindling her 
undazzled eye at the full mid-day beam ; purging and 
unsealing her long abused sight at the fountain itself of 
heavenly radiance ; while the whole noise of timorous 
and flocking birds, with those also that loved the twi- 
light flutter about, amazed at what she means." 

It does not become me to speak of the present prac- 
titioners — the past alone has been my province. 

" Let others hail the rising sun : 
I bow to those whose race is run." 

i*».] 69 


^pHE negotiations for the purchase of the Francis 
L Home* — so called — the residence of the Med- 
ford Historical Society since its inception, have had a 
happy issue for the society; the title of the property 
having passed to the society June 13, 1902. 

The old landmark so familiar to the people of Med- 
ford and so widely known as the birthplace of Lydia 
Maria Childt may now stand as a memorial to the life 
and effort of that noble woman, and as a monument 
dedicated to the veneration of the historic, to be pre- 
served and bequeathed to posterity. 

The following reminiscence is by Mr. Andrew D. 
Blanchard, who was born and lived in the home to 1847. 
This was written some eight years ago, on a visit to the 
old homstead by Mr. Blanchard: — 

I went to Medford expecting to find the old homestead demolished, 
but found it standing. The old bake-house in the rear is gone,} 
and was in all respects the most ancient, for it remained as it was 
originally built, except the old ovens. The house was entirely 
rebuilt by my father previous to 1S40, the brick ends only remain- 
ing. The front was originally on Salem street, and when the alter- 
ation was made the old front door was put in the bake-house. I 
always understood that the house was built by Converse Francis, 
father of Mrs. Child, and placed near the street so that the sign 
could be seen from the square. The shop was at the westerly 
end. I learn from the history of Medford that Mr. Francis of West 
Cambridge served his apprenticeship to the baking business with 
Capt. Ebenezer Hall in Medford, went back to West Cambridge 
for two years and then came to Medford in 1797. His "Medford 
Crackers" were famous. Mr. Francis remained in business till 
iSjS, when my father, Capt. Andrew Blanchard, Jr., purchased 
the estate and resided on it until his death in 1S53. 

Lydia Maria Child was bom in the house February 11, 1S02. 
Her brother, Rev. Converse Francis, D.D., was born in West Cam- 
bridge, November 9, 1795. What is now Ashland street was a 
lane which separated my father's estate from the Bishop estate. 
My father's land extended on the lane to the estate next to Mrs. 
Gill's and to Forest street. Mr. Luther Angier bought the Forest 

*Not infrequently called the " Child House." 

fSee Register, vol. iii., No. 3, and National Magazine, p. 161, May, 1901. 

jUsed for a gold-beater's shop by Mr. C. P. Lauriat until his death. 


street part back to the lane. When Mr. Francis retired from busi- 
ness, the u Withington Bakery" (next door), was established, and 
for many years the Francis's ovens were used in the old bake-house 
which has been taken down. The ovens were used until new ovens 
were built for the " Withington Bakery." 

I have some recollections of the old house, its large kitchen with 
its great open fire-place, the crane, pots and kettles, and tin kitchen. 
The settle on one side of the fire-place, and brick oven on the other 
side, ample to bake all the pies for the Thanksgiving season. 

One born on the spot and dwelling where Lydia Maria Child 
passed her early lite can testify to the loveliness of her surroundings 
— the garden of fruit trees, flowers and vegetables, with its clean 
walks of Pasture Hill gravel, and beyond, extending to Forest 
street, (then the turnpike), the field, making in all quite a farm. 
In those early days the fruits and products of the garden w r ere 
shared with friends and neighbors. 

Mr. Francis purchased the property from Francis 
Burns, who was a brother-in-law of Gov. John Brooks, 
and father-in-law of Samuel Buel, the first postmaster 
of Medford. — Editor. 


In an earlier number of the Register there appeared 
an article! throwing doubt on the location of the old 
Cradock House by utterly denying the claims of the old 
brick structure on Riverside avenue just below Spring 
street. Has sufficient weight been given to several 
features of that claim ? 

First, in a letter to Gov. Winthrop, written in 1637, 
Cradock speaks of the best of his land "neere my house" 
being allotted to Mr. Wilson and Mr. Nowell. Now, the 
land so granted "neere my house" was part of the present 

Secondly, the tradition of the Cradock House is very 
old ; it has the authority of age, and is such authority to 
be lightly set aside ? 

Again, are not the bricks (the originals, of course) of 
a different size from those subsequently made in the 

*Vide Register, vol. i., No. 4, p. 119; also vol. ii., No. 2, p. 53. 
\Vide Register, vol. 1, No. 4, p. 138. 

1902.] SOCIETY NOTES. 71 

colony, thus indicating importation? And, if so, by 
whom else than the patron who was constantly sending 
supplies of all kinds to the infant settlement ? 

— Venerate the Historic. 


Invitation of Gen. and Mrs. Washington to Miss Cary, January 
22, 1776' Miss Cary was later Mrs. Dowse of the Royall House. 

A rare picture of the old Fountain Tavern presented by Miss 
Zipporah Sawyer in memory of her brother, Rufus Sawyer. 

Records of the Centennial Committee of Medford, 1S75-6, loaned 
by Thos. Blackinton, 

"New England Library of Genealogv and Personal History," 
by Charles E^ Kurd ; gift of Horace D. Hall. 

A miscellaneous collection from Mrs. Dinsmore of Dorchester, 
formerly of Medford. 

Picture of the Cradock House worked in worsted, and frame 
from wood of the Cradock House, from Calvin Clark. 

Picture of first M. E. Church, Medford, Salem street, a rare 
picture, loan, Dr. Cleaves. 


Col. Chas. K. Darling gave an extremely interesting and valu- 
able talk on " Porto-Rico in 1898- 1902 " before the Society, May 
5, 1902. 

Miss Hetty Fulton Wait, on June 1, 1902, completed her fiftieth 
year as a teacher in the Medford Public Schools. On June 3, the 
Teachers' Association tendered her a complimentary reception, 
which was largely attended by former pupils and friends. James 
A. Hervey, Esq., in behalf of the assembly, presented Miss Wait 
with fifty American beauty roses, having in the centre fifty dollars 
in gold. No other teacher has such a record, or has had it, except 
" Marm " Betty Francis, who taught a dame school for sixty years. 

It is with pride that the society recognizes the distinguished 
honor bestowed upon its esteemed first president, Hon. William 
Cushing Wait, on his appointment to the bench of the superior 

•See Register, vol. i, No. 2. 



[July, '02, 

The Royal Academy of letters, history, and antiquities, National 
museum, Stockholm, Sweden, is on the exchange list of the Reg- 

Medford was never formally incorporated as a Town. 

The first reference to Medford in Records of the State is 1630. 
Colonial Records, vol. 1, p. 59. 

Life members since the annual March meeting 

Gilbert Hodges. 

Andrew F. Curtin. 

Hon. Samuel C. Lawrence. 

Mrs. Carrie R. Lawrence. 

Hon. Charles S. Baxter. 

Hon. William Cushing Wait. 

Miss Zipporah Sawyer. 

Hon. Daniel A. Gleason. 
Miss Agnes W. Lincoln. 
Walter F. Cushing. 
David H. Brown. 
Hon. Lewis H. Lovering. 
Edward P. Boynton. 
Leonard Tufts. 

New members since the annual March meeting: — 

Charles M. Ludden. 
Mrs. Charles M. Ludden. 
Harry Highley. 
James Mott Hallowell. 
George W. Mills, m.d. 
James C. D. Clark, m.d. 
Samuel C. L. Haskell. 

George C. Tidden. 
Francis H. Bridge. 
Frederick W. Gow. 
James Morrison. 
Wm. H. Couch. 
Hon. William P. Martin. 
George W. Nichols. 

For whom the Lawrence Light Guard was Named. 

The Medford Historical Register, 

Vol. V. OCTOBER, 1902. No. 4. 


By Helen Tilden Wild. • 

[Read before the Medford Historical Society, May 19, 1902.] 

IN an oration delivered in Winchester, July 4, i860, 
Hon. John A. Bolles said: "Of the Winchester 
Light Guard I can find no surviving trace . . . 
They and their guns have both gone off." The orator 
could not have made a very extensive search, for that 
organization has a lusty " surviving trace " which has 
existed over forty years within three miles of its first 
armory. The military company of Winchester "went 
off " to Medford and formed the Lawrence Light Guard. 
The company was organized March 27, 185 1, with Fred- 
erick O. Prince, afterward Mayor of Boston, as captain. 
It was named in honor of Col. William P. Winchester. 
The armory was on Main street in Winchester. It was 
organized as Co. A, 7th Regt., designated as Co. E, 7th 
Regt, December 15, 1852, and as Co. E, 5th Regt., in 
1855. Captain Prince commanded from 1851 to 1S53; 
Capt. Wallace Whitney, 1853 to 1855. Capt. Wm. 
Pratt was commissioned as the latter's successor, but 
received his discharge March 27, 1855. The' company 
did not receive much encouragement from the town and 
citizens of Winchester, and it was voted to disband. 

At this time a military company w T as projected in 
Medford, and instead of applying for a new charter, 
Medford men enlisted in the Winchester company with 
the purpose of reorganizing and transferring the com- 
mand to Medford. The name was changed to Law- 
rence Light Guard, in honor of Mr. Daniel Lawrence, 
who as long as he lived showed his interest by substan- 
tial aid. 


Henry W. Usher was the first captain of the reorgan- 
ized company. He served about a year. He was suc- 
ceeded by Asa Law, who commanded until he was 
appointed colonel. Capt. Samuel C. Lawrence was 
commissioned in 1856, and served until his promotion 
to rank of Major in 1859. For several years thereafter 
he retained an active interest in the Light Guard, hold- 
ing the office of treasurer. Captain John Hutchins was 
commissioned in 1859. 

Some of the Winchester men retained their member- 
ship in the company after it was transferred to Medford, 
and the first parade after the reorganization extended 
through both towns. A brass band was in attendance, 
and as the musicians had practiced together only long 
enough to learn two tunes, the music was acceptable but 
monotonous. The May training, fall parade and annual 
muster were the chief military events of the year. The 
muster was more like a county fair than like the modern 
tour of duty. The militia was brigaded sometimes in 
one place and sometimes in another until the establish- 
ment of the State camp ground at South Framingham. 

It is recorded that on April 2, 1855, an article in the 
warrant for town meeting was considered relative to 
an appropriation for fitting up an armory for the Light 
Guard. It was laid on the table where it still reposes. 
In the selectmen's records we find that the armory rent 
was paid and accounts rendered to the Adjutant General. 
The annual rent in 1855 was one hundred and fifty dol- 
lars. It was reduced to one hundred in 1858. All 
expenses beside rent had to be met by the company, and 
for that purpose assemblies were held in the town hall. 
The music consisted of a very few pieces, and, to save 
expense, the captain and first lieutenant attended the 
door, turn and turn about, rather than pay for a regular 
ticket taker. The boys were their own carpenters, and 
fitted up their armory with their own hands. 

At the time of Capt. Hutchins' election in July, 1859, 
the Light Guard was in a very prosperous condition. 


At the next muster the company appeared on the field 
with over fifty muskets, and received from Mr. Daniel 
Lawrence a prize of fifty dollars for so doing. 

September 15, 1S60, the fire which destroyed the First 
Trinitarian Church building seriously damaged the 
armory and the property of the company. Insurance 
made good the financial loss, and the company set about 
putting up new gun-racks and refurnishing, but the 
rooms were hardly in order when they were again visited 
by fire, December 15, i860, when the armory building, 
"American Hall," where Small's brick block now stands, 
was totally destroyed. The company lost most of its 
property by this fire, and as there was no insurance, a 
popular subscription was started in its behalf. The 
town hall became the armory. 

The company for some time had been agitating the 
question of buying new uniforms, and at this time an 
order was sent to a first class Boston tailor to make the 
suits from cloth which had been manufactured for this 
special purpose at one of the mills at Lowell. The men 
immediately began to pay for them on the instalment 
plan, by depositing fifty cents a week each with the com- 
pany treasurer. Meanwhile they drilled in their old 
regimentals and fatigue caps, and as there were not 
uniforms enough for all, some wore the caps and citizens' 

In the fall of i860, the political sky was so darkened 
that there was increased activity in all military organiza- 
tions. The Light Guard drilled twice a week. In 
February, 186 1, the company was called upon to answer 
the question whether or not it was ready to respond to a 
call for troops at a minute's notice. At roll call thirty- 
eight men answered " yes " and three answered " no." 
Lieutenant Chambers sent his assent in writing. There 
were fourteen absentees who were speedily interviewed. 
Some who had enlisted the previous summer for the 
especial enjoyment of muster had hardly considered 
themselves regular members of the company, but being 


too proud to back out in the face of danger answered 
" yes " and were enrolled. 

Company election was held February 12, 1861, to 
choose a second lieutenant, and thereafter, until the 
close of the three months' campaign, the officers were : 
John Hutchins, captain; John G. Chambers, 1st lieuten- 
ant; Perry Colman, 2d lieutenant, and William H. 
Pattee, 3d lieutenant. 

After this election a collation was given in the upper 
hall of the town house. Do you remember it, with its 
sloping roof and its painful lack of air ? In the words 
of 1 st Sergt. Hosea, this spread was tendered by the 
newly elected lieutenant or "somebody else." From 
this time until the Light Guard went to the front this 
mysterious somebody furnished several suppers after 
drills, and we suspect that to this day he is the good 
genius of the company. Private Benjamin Moore at 
this time presented a "splendid roll board," and after 
"three cheers and a lemon " (I quote from the records) 
for Private Moore, the meeting adjourned. This roll 
board is still in the possession of the company, although 
few of the present members know its history. It is made 
with spaces for inserting cards bearing the names of the 
members, which were removed as resignations were 
accepted. The militia rolls were not kept with the 
formality that they are now, and the old rosters are lost 
because they never existed in permanent form. 

In March, 1861, regimental drills were begun, which 
were held regularly until the beginning of the war, in 
Fitchburg Hall, Boston. Medford was blessed in those 
days with only one late train a week, and if drill occurred 
on any other night, the men were compelled to make 
special provision for transportation. One evening the 
horse cars of the. long ago defunct Middlesex Horse 
R. R. landed them in Medford about midnight. On 
another occasion, carriages which had been ordered failed 
to appear, and the company went by train on the Lowell 
Railroad to " Medford Steps," and marched to the 


armory, arriving at 12.10, "well pleased with our drill, 
but not with the arrangements for our return." 

April 12, 1 86 1, Fort Sumpter was fired upon, and on 
April 15 the "fiery cross" was sent out over the Com- 

The new uniforms of the Light Guard were speedily 
finished, and all who had signified their willingness to 
go on the first call were supplied. You who always 
think of Union soldiers as " the boys in blue " would 
like to know how these men were dressed. I copy ver- 
batim from the description of the uniform given by one 
who wore it. "It was iron gray cloth trimmed with 
black, swallow-tailed coat, with a profusion of brass but- 
tons. The suits were made by a skilled tailor, and were 
tight fitting, very military and stylish — I may say 
* natty.' The hat was after the bean-pot style, cost, I 
think, about seven dollars. Said hat was adorned with 
braid — brass — and a red and white plume or pon-pon. 
Can you imagine anything more inappropriate or comi- 
cal than the sight of those boys in this holiday garb, 
carrying a ten-pound musket, also one or two revolvers 
and dirk knives, marching off to war! Oh, what a head- 
ache I had on arrival at Washington from wearing that 
heavy hat ! The last sight I ever had of it (as also a 
leathern stock worn about the neck) was when it dis- 
appeared over a fence into somebody's back yard." 

A mass-meeting was held Thursday evening, April 
18, 1862, at which six thousand dollars were subscribed 
amid great enthusiasm, to complete the uniforming of 
the company and to aid the families of the soldiers while 
they were away. A committee of thirteen was formed 
to apportion the money raised. Thirteen must have 
been an unlucky number in this case, for by a series of 
misunderstandings the uniforms were not paid for until 
over a year after the return of the company, and only 
after a long dispute and legal process. 

Col. Lawrence was ordered to report in Boston with 
his regiment April 19, 1861. His orders were issued 


April 1 8, and were delivered by the hand of his brother, 
Mr. Daniel W. Lawrence. It is a strange coincidence 
that this second summons of the minutemen should have 
come on the exact anniversary of Paul Revere's ride. 

On the afternoon of April 20 a great crowd assembled 
in the square to bid the company God-speed. A hush 
fell as the company formed in a hollow square, and the 
Rev. Jarvis A. Ames of the Methodist Church offered 
prayer. The company left on the two o'clock train, re- 
ported for duty on Boston Common at three, and thence 
marched to Faneuil Hall, where they were quartered 
until the morning of April 21. There, more recruits 
were received. William H. Lawrence of Arlington 
was one of these. He was particularly anxious to enlist 
under the colonel who bore the same name as his own. 
The crowd was so dense at the door that he climbed 
through a window and reached the recruiting officer's 
side. He was a fine example of physical manhood, and 
he at once attracted the colonel's interest. He was 
assigned to Co. E and made color sergeant. 

The troops took the cars for New York at 6 p.m., 
April 21. They arrived at New York in the evening 
and were marched to the St. Nicholas Hotel. The 
records say " We were received with cheers at every 
station on the route and plenty of refreshments were 
furnished." They left New York on the steamship 
DeSoto, on Monday morning, and arrived at Annapolis 
in the afternoon of April 24, after a rough passage. 
Camp was made in the woods. The next morning they 
proceeded to Washington, and took up their quarters in 
the treasury building on Saturday, April 27. They were 
mustered into the Federal service, May 1, 1861. The 
regiment remained on guard in the treasury building 
until May 25, the morning after Ellsworth was killed at 
Alexandria, when it was ordered to that town. 

The first month of service was hardly more than a 
long holiday. The Light Guard made friends among 
the people of Washington, had plenty to eat (the 


Light Guard always has appreciated that blessing, at 
home and abroad), and had little hard work, but the 
change to Alexandria brought a new experience. Coarse 
bread, no butter or milk, guard duty, wet feet and work 
with pick and shovel was fun for only a little while. 
The enemy had not been seen, but there was, every day, 
the possibility that something exciting might happen. 
July 1 6, 1 86 1, the Light Guard was ordered to march 
with the army toward Richmond. Sunday morning, 
July 21, they left Centreville for Bull Run, and then 
something did happen. 

The opposing forces met. By the middle of the after- 
noon the Union troops seemed on the point of victory, 
but the arrival of Kirby Smith turned the scale. The 
zouaves who were in front broke and retreated in dis- 
order through the Union lines, closely pursued by the 
Confederates. All the Union men did not wear the 
regulation United States blue, and many Confederates 
wore the uniforms of their local organizations. In the 
confusion, friend could not be distinguished from foe. 
Rout was inevitable. 

In the retreat, Col. Lawrence was wounded, but in 
spite of this and the general panic, the Fifth maintained 
its formation, and Capt. Hutchins reports that fully 
three-fourths of his command marched back to camp in 
regular order. Capt. Hutchins' telegram, sent the next 
morning, allayed the fears of those at home, but the 
Light Guard was not unscathed. On the night before 
the battle, " Billy " Lawrence, the color-bearer, said to a 
brother sergeant, " We are going into action tomorrow, 
and as sure as the sun rises, I shall be killed. I shall 
not put the brass eagle on the staff, but in my haver- 
sack. That flag is going to the front tomorrow, and 
whatever happens to me, don't let the rebels get it." 
His presentiment was verified ; while carrying the flag 
in the front line, a bullet pierced his heart. The flag he 
so bravely carried was saved from capture, and is a 
precious treasure, for it bears the stain of his blood. 


Manville Richards was wounded in this battle, but re- 
covered and came home to be killed at a fire in Medford 
a few months later. Win. Crooker was also wounded 
and J. Henry Hoyt was taken prisoner. 

The three months' term having expired, the Fifth 
started at once from Alexandria to Washington after 
the battle. A violent rain was falling when the troops 
reached the capital ; no quarters had been provided, 
and the men dropped on the sidewalk and slept. Capt. 
Hutchins, Capt. Swan of Charlestown, and Capt. Locke 
of Reading determined that their men should be shel- 
tered. By personal effort they found quarters in the 
large hall at Willard's Hotel. They remained five days. 
When Mr. Willard was asked for his bill, he said, " I 
have no bill against you. If I can't get my pay from 
the Government, I will go without." 

The company arrived in Boston, July 30. They were 
escorted home by citizens of Medford and the fire com- 
panies of the town. The procession was headed by a 
band of music. On the following Tuesday a formal 
reception was given them at Child's Grove on Fulton 

Lieut. John G. Chambers was commissioned adjutant 
of the 23d Regiment, October 11, 1861. The company 
presented him with a purse of twenty-five dollars when 
he left town for the front. He had served in the Mexi- 
can War and had been 1st lieutenant of the Light 
Guard during the three months' campaign. His ability 
and fondness for military life earned him his promotions 
and he became lieutenant-colonel of his regiment. He 
was wounded at Drury's Bluff and died at Fortress 
Monroe, May 13, 1864. His body was brought home 
and the town took charge of his funeral. 

Drills were resumed in the town hall and continued 
regularly unless the town fathers rented it for some 
other purpose. In January, 1862, the four-story brick 
block, quite imposing for those days, which was erected 
on the site of the former armory was finished, and the 


company took possession of the quarters which, with the 
exception of a few years when the Lawrence Rifles occu- 
pied them, were to be its home until the time of the 
Spanish War. To celebrate the event, and also the 
first anniversary 7 of the departure for the front, a dedica- 
tion levee was held. The affair was a great success, 
and the pleasure of the Light Guard was enhanced by 
the unexpected presence of a party of Washington 
friends, who, at their own request, were made fine mem- 
bers of the company (men and women, too). In the 
months that followed, when many of the men were in 
the government hospital, these fine members did much 
to win them back to health. 

In July, 1862, Captain Hutchins was appointed major 
and resigned the command of the Light Guard, being 
succeeded by Lieut. Perry Coleman. This arrangement 
lasted for a very short time, for, before the month ended, 
a letter from the selectmen, desiring the company's ser- 
vices, as part of the quota demanded from'Medford, had 
been received and accepted. The whole command be- 
came a committee to secure new members. The first 
new man to enlist was James A. Hervey. Major Hutch- 
ins was made recruiting officer. By August 15, eighty- 
five members were enrolled. Street drills were held 
and " High Private " Samuel C. Lawrence took personal 
charge of the awkward squad. Dr. C. V. Bemis was 
surgical examiner, and donated all his fees to the com- 
pany treasury. The roll of the company was carefully 
corrected. Some were under age ; others had already 
enlisted. When the time for departure came, there were 
ten members left. The next month seven of these en- 
listed for nine months in the 5th Massachusetts, leaving 
three, one a paroled prisoner, as a home guard. 

The Lawrence Light Guard stipulated that the mem- 
bers should elect their own officers. The selectmen 
granted their request and they chose Capt. John Hutch- 
ins, 1 st Lieut. Perry Colman, 2d Lieut. I. F. R. Hosea, 
all veterans of the first campaign. The day fixed for 


departure was August 25, 1862, and the ceremonies were 
similar to those of 1861. The minister of the Unitarian 
Church offered prayer and Thomas S. Harlow, Esq., 
made an address. The company went first to Lynnfield 
and then to Boxford, where the 39th Regiment was 
organized. The Light Guard became Co. C. The 
colonel was P. S. Davis. 

Co. C was what might be called a family company; 
nearly all were Medford boys. Three families furnished 
three sons each ; several, two sons, and two families, 
father and son ; beside, there were several cousins. All 
had been friends and acquaintances for years. One of 
the comrades says, " They were a jolly, wide-awake lot 
of fellows, and the record they made, Medford is proud 
of. Col. Davis used to say there was more genius, neat- 
ness and deviltry in Co. C than in any other company. 
Whenever he had visitors it was Co. C's quarters that 
were inspected." This statement is borne out by the 
company order book, which records that at inspection 
Co. C's quarters ranked good and other companies varied 
from fair to bad. The deviltry part was not serious, for 
Capt. Hutchins says that only one man was put in the 
guard house for disobeying his orders. The culprit did 
not remain there long enough to be dealt with by the 
regimental authorities, but apologized, promised good 
behavior, and kept his word as long as he lived, for he 
was one who never came home. 

The 39th Regiment left Boxford September 5, 1862. 
Immediately upon their arrival in the South, they were 
put on picket duty on the Potomac River. Writing 
from Conrad's Ferry, Maryland, on September 20, Capt. 
Hutchins says, "We have slept under a tent but one 
night since we left Massachusetts." The next morn- 
ing after arriving at Washington, the regiment marched 
to Camp Chase at Arlington Heights. They camped 
there two nights, (the second, in tents). The next day 
was spent on the march, the second in felling trees for 
a new camp, and the night on picket duty. With one 




day for rest and preparation, they started off on a long 
march to Ball's Bluff, where six companies were on 
picket, Capt. Hutchins being in command of three of 
them. He was obliged to go six miles every morning 
to report at headquarters, and a detail had to be sent 
. there each day for rations. 

Six miles on foot, carrying a heavy box of hard tack, 
under a blazing sun, caused Private Whiteey of the 
Light Guard to suffer from illness for the only time 
during the whole three years' term. Commanders and 
men chafed under this arrangement to no purpose. At 
this time the Light Guard was without change of cloth- 
ing, their baggage having been left behind when they 
left Arlington Heights, but Capt. Hutchins wrote, " We 
have two towels and some soap, and the Potomac runs 
near us." Exposure to river fogs at night brought on 
fever and ague. Men not on picket duty were employed 
at target practice. Foraging was especially prohibited, 
and three companies were made to pay fifty dollars for 
twenty-seven hogs killed. Perhaps some of Co. C's 
deviltry entered into the swine, for the lieutenant was 
reprimanded for allowing firing by his men, December 
20, 1862, after serving all the fall on picket and as river 
guard, the regiment went into winter quarters at Pooles- 
ville. Tents were supplied with bunks and straw. 
April 14, 1863, marching orders were received. A 
week later, the 39th was in barracks at Washington, 
D. C, acting as provost guard. From April to July 
our company enjoyed the pleasure of renewing old 
friendships and of doing easy work. July 12, 1863, just 
after the Battle of Gettysburg, the regiment marched to 
Funktown, Maryland, and joined the' Army of the 
Potomac, under General Meade. The Rappahannock 
was reached July 27. 

Samuel W. Joyce died of typhoid fever in an ambu- 
lance wagon during the march and was buried at Mid- 
dleburg, Virginia. During a short halt the company 
gathered around, a hurried burial service was said, a 




volley was fired, and the body placed in a hastily made 
grave. A small wooden slab was put up to mark the 
spot. Then the column moved on toward the river. 
Day after day the two armies hurried forward iii a 
parallel course toward Richmond, with constant skir- 
mishing until both went into winter quarters. 

During this campaign many changes were made in 
the personnel of the Light Guard. Among them, James 
A. Hervey was detailed to the Quartermaster's Depart- 
ment, Albert A. Samson was discharged to become 
second lieutenant in the ioth U. S. Colored Regiment, 
in which he was promoted to rank of captain the next 
year. Lieut. Perry Colman was discharged for disability, 
and Lieut. Hosea was transferred to Co. E. 

At the battle of Mine Run, November 28, 1863, Com- 
panies C and. E were deployed as skirmishers. Benj. H. 
Dow of Medford was wounded. 

December 2 the corps crossed the Rapidan, the 39th 
being the last to go over. On this march, Charles 
Coolidge and Henry Currell, being unable to keep up 
with the column, were captured and died in Libby 
Prison. December 24, after bivouacing by day and 
marching by night, the regiment reached the extreme 
outpost of the army, picketing the northern bank of the 

Winter quarters were laid out with company streets 
twenty-five feet wide, with corduroyed sidewalks four 
feet wide. The cabins were of logs seven by fifteen feet, 
outside measurement. There was a door in each in the 
centre of the long side with fireplace opposite. The 
pitch roof was made of four pieces of shelter tent. 

January 1, 1864, Captain Hutchins was absent and 
sick, and Lieut. Hanson was in command. He had 
been transferred from the Danvers company and com- 
missioned November, 1863. One sergeant, two corpo- 
rals and sixteen privates were sick and absent. Corporal 
Champlin died in the hospital about this time. The 
company was so busy, says the History of Medford, that 





at one time an orderly sergeant and one private repre- 
sented the company at dress parade. After a rest of 
a month and four days, orders were received to leave 
the comfortable quarters. The men were enjoined by 
their colonel to leave their camp in good condition for 
occupancy of friend or foe who might occupy it next. 
March 12, 1864, all sutlers were sent to the rear. 
Dress coats were packed and sent to Washington for 
storage. As soon as it was warm enough overcoats 
were sent to the rear. In regard to clothing the Chris- 
tian injunction was followed, " Let him who hath two 
coats give to him that hath none." No stream was to 
impede progress unless it was deep enough to wet car- 
tridges. At temporary halts men were not even to 
unsling knapsacks. Canteens were to be filled only at 
starting and at noon halts. Stragglers on the flanks 
were to be fired upon. Fighting by day, marching by 
night, under the indomitable command of Grant, the 
Army of the Potomac marched through the Wilderness. 
May 4, the terrible battle began, and for thirty-eight 
days the army had no sleep except naps on the ground 
when they halted. The Light Guard lost eighteen men, 
killed and wounded, in the Wilderness. The company 
w r as not actually engaged until the fourth day of the- 
engagement, at Laurel Hill. 

The regiment, charging with fixed bayonets, drove 
cavalry and then a battery before it, but meeting 
strongly entrenched infantry, it was forced to fall 
back over an open field. Here the Light Guard suffered 
severely. Henry Hathaway, Stephen Busha and Alfred 
Joyce were missing. The latter died in prison at Ander- 
sonville; the others were never heard from. Corporal 
Stimpson was maimed for life and Sergeants Turner 
and Morrison were slightly wounded. On May 10 the 
regiment was in the front line (where it was placed 
almost without exception all through this campaign). 
It made no actual demonstration but was exposed to 
artillery fire. On that day Sergeant Stevens, who had 




been recommended for promotion, and Privates Bierne 
and Harding were instantly killed. 

On May 12, while the 39th filled a gap between the 
5th and 6th corps, Edward Ireland was killed and Henry 
A. Ireland was wounded. On the night of May 13, the 
command marched through deep mud and pitchy dark- 
ness to Spottsylvania, and remained there exposed to the 
fire of the enemy for a week, when the line was aban- 
doned, leaving pickets to follow. Robert Livingstone 
of Co. C, one of these pickets, was taken prisoner and 
died at Andersonville. 

The Light Guard had its share in the victory which 
followed the crossing of the North Anna, and the march 
was continued with constant skirmishing until the fifth 
of June, when a halt of five days was made at Cold 
Harbor. The march was resumed June 12 at five o'clock 
in the afternoon and continued all night, with long halts. 
The next day the enemy was met at White Oak Swamp, 
where a line was formed and held till dark, when the 
corps pushed on to join the main army. After daily 
skirmishes and nightly marches the column arrived be- 
fore Petersburg and drove the enemy into its inner 
works. Here Co. C received several additions from 
recruits of the 12th and 13th Massachusetts whose terms 
of enlistment had not expired with the mustering out of 
their regiments. , 

The Light Guard, with its regiment, was stationed 
behind entrenchments so exposed, that relieving of 
pickets, drawing rations and ammunition and other 
necessary work had to be done at night. Joel M. 
Fletcher's life was sacrificed here. July 11, 1864, Col. 
Davis was killed. Read the order book of the regiment 
That is enough to tell his character. Captain Hutchins 
said of him, " The regiment ... is the pride of our 
noble colonel, who is a father to us all, and the best 
colonel now in the service." 

The regiment went into Fort Davis on the day after 
the colonel's death and remained there until August 18, 




when it was ordered to destroy the tracks of the Weldon 
Railroad. A detachment was ordered to tear up the 
tracks, and another was placed on guard. Suddenly 
they found themselves surrounded by the enemy. The 
regiment, beside killed and wounded, lost two hundred 
and forty-five men. Rodney Hathaway of Co. C was 
killed. Capt. Hutchins, Sergt. Eames, Frank J. Curtis, 
Edwin Ireland, Patrick Gleason, Benjamin J. Ellis, 
Milton F. Roberts, I. T. Morrison and Lieut. Hosea of 
the Light Guard proper, beside several others who had 
been recruited in Medford, including William H. Rogers, 
a native of the town, and nine men transferred to Co. C 
from the 12th and 13th Massachusetts were taken pris- 
oners. They were first stripped of everything of value 
and then sent to Richmond, where they were confined 
in Libby Prison. Although the place was foul and the 
food bad enough, they were under cover and the rations 
were cooked. But the nine days of confinement there 
during mid-summer were so hard to bear that they hailed 
the change to Belle Isle where they would be sure of air 
to breathe, but every change brought added discomfort. 
In October they were transferred to Salisbury, where, 
without shelter, without cooked food, with hardly water 
enough to drink, and none for bathing, with only vermin- 
infested rags for covering, they spent a horrible winter. 
Here Gleason and Rogers died, and the rest looking 
with hollow eyes into one another's faces, gave parting 
messages for dear ones at home, fearing that a few days 
more would bring mental or physical death. Deliver- 
ance came soon enough to allow Benjamin Ellis and 
Augustus Tufts to come home to die. One by one 
these prisoners have dropped out of life since the war, 
and now Capt. Hutchkis, J. Henry Eames and Milton 
F. Roberts are the only ones who can tell that dreadful 
tale of living death. 

On August 21, the Confederates tried for the last time 
to recover Weldon Railroad. At Hatcher's Run, October 
29, Sergt. Edwin B. Hatch of the Light Guard was 




killed. During December, 1S64, five men were trans- 
ferred from Co. C, to other posts of duty. At that time 
the regiment was so depleted that the State colors were 
sent home, there not being enough men to protect two 
flags. February 3, 2d Lieut. Wm. McDevitt of Woburn 
was transferred from Co. K and placed in command of 
the remnant of Co. C, and continued until the surrender 
of Lee, when Capt. Hutchins returned to the company. 
March 29 the spring campaign opened. The 39th were 
sent out as skirmishers, but were driven back, leaving 
dead and wounded behind. Aaron Tucker and George 
Graves were taken prisoners in this engagement at 
Gravelly Run, but were re-captured in a few days. 

April 1, at Five Forks, the 39th was brigaded with 
Sheridan's cavalry. At noon the line was formed with 
infantry in the centre and cavalry on the flanks. The 
fight was quick and spirited, and as the Union forces 
advanced, the evidences of hurried retreat gave them 
renewed courage. At this battle Corp. J. H. Whitney,* 
who had been appointed color bearer on March 28, 
shared the fate of all his predecessors who had carried 
the flag of the 39th, and was wounded. Corp. Whitney 
was the youngest member of the Light Guard, and had 
never been absent from his regiment from the time of 
his enlistment until the day he was shot. The next 
day Lieut. McDevitt and his twelve men, who were 
the remnant of Co. C, took up the march which was to 
terminate at Appomattox and victory. 

Of the one hundred and one men who left Medford 
in August 1862, only nine took part in the concluding 
battle as members of Co. C. Of these, only Royall S. 
Carr, Henry A. Ireland, Emery Ramsdell and Edwin 
F. Kenrick were members of the original Light Guard 
which volunteered its services to the selectmen, July 
30, 1863. The regiment, after Lee's surrender, marched 
back toward Petersburg, and on April 21 made camp 
at Black's and White's station, where many officers and 
men, paroled prisoners, joined their commands. 

♦Col. 5th U. S. V., Spanish-American war; Brig. Gen. M. V. M., 1901. 




May 9 the regiment crossed the Rappahannock for 
the tenth and last time, as it marched toward Wash- 
ington and home. The regiment arrived in Readville, 
Massachusetts, at seven o'clock in the morning, June 6, 
1865. The records of the company are responsible for 
the statement that here the Light Guard, after thirty- 
four months of faithful service, basely deserted ! Nobody 
blamed them then, and certainly no one does now, for 
what mortal man could stand being cooped up in bar- 
racks, only a few miles from home, which he had not 
seen for almost three years ? But all went back again, 
and on June 9 appeared at the Providence Station, 
Boston, where they were received by the Lawrence 
Rifles, Capt. B. F. Hayes, the Boston Cornet Band, and 
a large delegation of citizens of Medford, under the 
marshalship of Gen. S. C. Lawrence, through whose 
agency the captain had been able to receive special 
permission for their return that day. Mr. Nathan 
Bridge made an address of welcome in behalf of the 
selectmen. After a march through Boston the company 
took the train to Medford. The arrival of the train at 
Park street was announced by the booming of cannon, 
which was echoed by several other pieces stationed in 
different parts of the town. The records say, " By their 
incessant roar they seemed determined to remind us of 
the many trying scenes through which we had so re- 
cently passed." After a march through several of the 
principal streets to West Medford, where a collation was 
furnished by the citizens of that part of the town, the 
company returned to the square, where they were enter- 
tained by the Law r rence Rifles at their armory in Usher's 
Building. The town gave the Light Guard a reception 
on June 14, and another was given by Washington 
Engine Co., No. 3, at Green Mountain Grove on the 

These were days of rejoicing, but the booming of can- 
non, the huzzas, and the music only drowned the sounds 

*Sec Usher's History of Medford. 




of weeping for dear ones who had gone away with the 
company, but whose places were vacant now, who slept 
on Southern battlefields or who had died in foul prison 
pens. Many in the ranks were but shadows of their 
former selves, some had been left behind in the hospitals, 
others had come home to die. The first duty of the 
Light Guard was to bring home the dead. The bodies 
of Samuel W. Joyce, George Henry Champlin and 
George H. Lewis were sent home through the personal 
supervision of Capt. Hutchins, who was called South to 
testify in the trial of the commander of Salisbury Prison. 

(To be coucluded in January number.) 


THE lot now occupied by City Hall was bought of 
the heirs of Samuel Buel, May 22, 1833. The 
cost was $3,000. The committee in charge of negotia- 
tions were Isaac Sprague, Daniel Lawrence and Elisha 
Stetson. The town voted to build the Town House of 
wood at an estimated cost of $3,600. In 1834 the above 
committee was discharged and John P. Clisby, John 
Sparrell and Thomas R. Peck were appointed, with 
instructions to " observe generally the outlines of the 
plan, which was drawn by Mr. Benjamin, as regards the 
general exterior appearance of the building." The struct- 
ure was damaged by fire October 27, 1839. John P. 
Clisby, Lewis Richardson, Samuel Lapham, Galen 
James and Darius Waitff were the committee to repair. 
At this time the brick wall on the south side was built. 
In 1850 it was again burned. George T. Goodwin, 
Daniel Lawrence and Charles S. Jacobs were chosen 
a committee to repair fibe building. It was proposed to 
build a belfry at this time, but the town voted in the 
negative. Slate roof aad copper gutters were the ex- 
tent of outside improvements. Except in a few minor 
details, the exterior of the building has never been 
changed. — Compiled from Town Records. . 



MEDFORD SQUARE, 1835 to 1850,* 

THE present City Hall has been built about three 
score and ten years. In 1839 an addition was 
made on the south end. The hall floor had about four 
rows of slips or pews with high backs, and rising one 
above the other, leaving about one third of the floor 
open in the centre. The desk was at the south end 
and a gallery was opposite it, over the entrance. 

There were two rooms on the north side, on the sec- 
ond floor; one of them occupied by George Hervey, 
tailor, as a work room. The selectmen's room was in 
the lower northwest corner. Mr. Hervey's tailor shop 
was in the northeast corner. Jonas Coburn's dry goods 
store occupied a large room having two entrances on 
Main street. Oliver Blake's dry goods store and Mr. 
Randall's book store were in the south end of the build- 

The Town Hall was the scene of school examinations, 
which were great events to the children. 

Across the square on High street the Seccomb 
house! was occupied by Joseph Wyman, stage driver 
and proprietor of a livery stable. Dr. C. V. Bemis 
boarded in this house when he came to Medford. His 
office was in the " Ebenezer Hall " house on Main street, 
and later in the Seccomb house. H. N. Peak, William 
Peak and Otis Waterman were later tenants. 

The next house east was owned by Joseph Patten 
Hall. The front was as it now stands except that there 
was a basement, and the first floor was approached by 
a long flight of steps. The back part of the house was 
very old and had its entrance on an alley. The outline 
of it can be seen on the north wall of the present build- 
ing. The dwelling was occupied by Mr. Hall and his 
three sisters. Mr. John Howe, grocer, occupied the 
store on the ground floor. Later Mr. Samuel Green, 
who married one of the Misses Hall, occupied it for a 

•Contributed by men and women born and bred within sight of the 
V City Hall Annex." 

Town House. 


MED FORD SQUARE, i8jj TO 1850. 


clothing and drv goods store. He was the father of 
Samuel S. Green, the veteran street railway man. 

The next house easterly belonged to Turell Tufts.* 
He was a bachelor. Miss Mary Wier was his house- 
keeper for years. The town is indebted to him for the 
shade trees on Forest street. 

On the opposite corner of Forest street were Timo- 
thy Cotting's house and bakery. There was a driveway 
around the house from Forest to Salem street. The 
entrance to the house was on Salem street. The bakery, 
having an entrance on Forest street, was connected with 
the dwelling. 

Where " Cotting Block "f stands was a low tenement 
house called " Rotten Row." It was occupied by the 
families of Joseph Gleason, Timothy Brigden, Stilman 
Derby and the widow of Henry Withington, Sr. On 
the site of the Mystic Church was a large house in 
which lived Wm. S. Barker, grocer; the house was re- 
moved to Salem street, opposite the common, and is 
now owned by heirs of S. Derby. 

The Withington Bakery as it stands today was bought 
by Henry Withington, Jr., who moved into the house 
in the spring of 1829. He lived just previously in the 
" Kidder House," directly opposite. This house has 
been removed, and now is numbered 63 Salem street. 
He carried on the baking business until his death and 
was succeeded by his son. 

The history of the house occupied by the Medford 
Historical Society was given in the July number of this 
volume of the Register. 

At the junction of Salem and Ship streets the present 
brick house had for its tenants in the thirties Mr. Par- 
sons, a ship carpenter (whose daughter married Alfred 
Eels), Dr. Samuel Gregg and Wm. Peak, who lived on 
Salem street. J. V. Fletcher, butcher, occupied the 
northerly corner store, and Gilbert Blanchard, grocer, 
the southerly one. 

*Mr. James A. Hervey speaks of him in his reminiscences. Hist. Reg. Vol. iv. P. 67. 
|Nos. 8 to 14 Salem street (1902). 



1902 J 



Mr. Fletcher lived on Simond's Hill, in the house 
now standing east of Woburn street. His slaughter 
house was in his yard. Local butchers slaughtered their 
own meat at that time. 

Alexander Gregg, at one time teacher in the old brick 
schoolhouse, lived in the Ship street tenement, over the 
store. He did a large teaming business, running two 
large four-horse baggage wagons to and from Boston, 
the horses driven tandem. His stables and sheds were 
opposite his dwelling, extending to the river. He was 
a prominent man in town affairs, serving in many 
capacities, including representative. Between his stables 
and the Lawrence premises was the pottery of Thomas 
Sables. Some of his work is in existence today. 

At the corner of Ship and Main streets lived Mrs. 
Jonathan Porter. Her front door was on Main street 
at the northerly end, and a side door was approached 
through a gate and yard from Ship street. The rest of 
the building and the building adjoining were occupied 
by Mrs. Porter's son, George W. Porter, w r ho was a 
trader, dealing in dry goods, groceries, hardware, farm- 
ing tools, liquors, powder, salt, etc. Mr. Porter suc- 
ceeded his father in the business. A very large willow 
tree projecting over the street stood directly in the side- 
walk near the southerly line of the Porter property. A 
dock from the river that ran parallel with Main street 
extended as far as Mr. Porter's premises, and probably 
in former years Porter's store had trade by water. 

George W. Porter was the first organist at the First 
Church (Unitarian). He was town treasurer for many 

The four estates between Porter's and the river ex- 
tended to this dock. Capt. Clisby, pilot, kept his sloop 
there. Cargoes of cord wood for the brick yards would 
occasionally be discharged there. 

The ruins of the old Bishop distillery were on the 
east side of the dock. John Bishop (son of John and 
Mary Holmes) ran a fleet of fishing vessels which 





discharged and packed their cargoes on the wharf. This 
fleet included the " King," built by Fuller ; " Mystic," 
built by John Sparrell; "Volant," "Joy," and others, 
all launched in Medford. 

Next to Porter's store was Luther Angier's apothe- 
cary store. He began business in a store on the other 
side of the street. Mr. Angier succeeded Francis Kidder. 

The shoe store of Mr. G. E. Dutton, 14 Main street, 
has been used for that purpose for many years. Willard 
Butters, shoe maker, and Thomas Revallion (colored), 
barber, were tenants, succeeded by Oliver Blake, who 
later removed his dry goods store to the Town House. 
Mr. Butters later used the abandoned toll house on 
Andover Turnpike (Forest street) as a shop. 

The Revallion homestead stands on Cross street just- 
north of the railroad bridge. Rufus Wade, shoe manu- 
facturer, and Kidder & Kellogg, in the same business, 
occupied the building on Main street until it became a 
retail shoe store in the sixties. 

To make way for the Boston & Maine R. R. Station, 
the " Ebenezer Hall" house was removed about 1846 
to the south side of the river, and was destroyed in the 
great fire of 1850. 

The southerly half of a house on the east side of Main 
street, next to the bridge, was occupied by Patrick 
Conoly, a shoe maker. He lived alone.* 

Mrs. Hathaway, grandmother of Mr. Frank Hatha- 
way of the fire department (1902), lived in the northerly 
end. Other tenants at various times were William 
Wyman, F. Woodbridge and a Mr. Locke, all butchers. 

The armory of the Lawrence Light Guard, built by 
Gen. Samuel C. Lawrence as a memorial to his father, 
Daniel Lawrence, was occupied by the company June 
3Q» 1902. 

♦See Mr. Hcrvey's paper, Med. Hist. Reg. Vol. iv. P. 72. 




July about the 16th 175 1. There was a very sharp 
storm of thunder which came just at evening . . . and 
shall I behold such wonderful effects of the mighty 
power of God and not be affected with it ? Oh Lord, 
let thy judgments make me afraid. 

19th February 1753 old style. I am just now returned 
from the following my neighbor Stephen Greenleaf to 
his grave . . . This sorrowful occasion falling out on 
the very day of the month and just a year since my 
dear wife died. 

July 8, 1757 a few minutes after 2 of the clock after 
noon ... a very considerable shock of earthquake ; a 
very solemn call to me a poor drowsy, slumbering and 
I fear a foolish virgin. Oh Lord, awaken me by this 
loud call of God speaking to me from the bowels of the 

17th day of March 1763. I have now at this time 
sickness and trouble, and my negro woman sick and has 
been some days so bad that I have hired a nurse to look 
after her. 

May 2nd. I have been this day by a writ from Col. 

B been sued for fifty pounds old tenor ... I hope 

I don't owe him any grudge, yet I mark him for an 
unmerciful, proud, thoughtless gentleman — one that re- 
gards not the afflictions of Joseph. 

October 28, 1763. A very pleasant day, and the day 
for Mr. Turell's wood, and by providential business I was 
hindered from attending the affair, but still they got a 
competent good pile of wood. 

Feb. 26, 1764 The reverend and excellent servant of 
the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, Mr. George White- 
field preached at this little town of Medford on the fore- 
noon exercise. 

♦Benjamin Willis, son of Stephen and Hannah, was born Oct. 30, 1686. He married Feb. 10, 
1714, Ruth Bradshaw, who died Feb. 19, 1752 O. S. He died Feb. 3, 1767. He was town clerk 
from Mar. 6, 1721 to 1744-51 and was made deacon about 1732, his name appearing on tax list with 
the title in that year. 



[Oct., 1902.] 

SEVENTH YEAR, 1902-1903. 

October 20. — " Time-keeping in a Medford Home two 

hundred Years Ago." Mr. John Albree, Jr., Swamp- 

scott, and Social Meeting. 
November 17. — " Medford in 1847." Mr. Charles Cum- 

December 15. — "The Middlesex Canal." (Illustrated.) 

Mr. Moses W. Mann. 
January 19. — "The Environment and Tendencies of 

Colonial Life." (Illustrated.) Rev. George M. 

Bodge of Westwood. 
February 16.—" The Baptist Church of Medford." Mrs. 

Amanda H. Plummer. 
March 16. — Annual Meeting. 
April 20. — " Rev. John Pierpont: His Life and Work." 

Rev. Henry C. DeLong. 
May 18. — "The 39th Massachusetts Regiment in the 

Civil War." Hon. C. H. Porter of Quincy. 

David H. Brown. John H. Hooper. 

Walter H. Cushing. 
Charles H. Morss. 

William Cushing Wait. 
Miss Agnes W. Lincoln. 


Vol. 5, No. 3, P. 65, 37th line, read 1901 instead of 

Part 2 of Miss Wild's paper on " The Lawrence Light 
Guard," and " Recollections of Main Street," by the 
authors of " Medford Square, 1835- 1850," w ^ appear in 
the next volume of the Register.